Everyone on this earth has heard of the great Indian epic poetry, ‘Mahabharata’. While some think that it was a fruit of imagination, some say it was real. The validity of this cannot be ascertained but what can be said with certainty is that the era was real and a war that inspired the epic poetry did take place. However, the true nature or scale of the war is certainly not known and there is no way to know the truth. So, based on whatever evidence is available, we will prefer to believe that the war as described in Mahabharata was real. This post is not about the war but about the kingdom that was involved in the war – the Kuru Kingdom. In this post we will learn 25 interesting Kuru Kingdom facts that thrived during the ancient times.
Kuru Kingdom Facts: 1-10
1. The Kuru Kingdom was actually an Aryan tribal union of Vedic age during the Iron Age period of India.
2. The kingdom thrived during the Middle Vedic Period (circa 1200 BCE – circa 850 BCE). The kingdom was located in northern India.
3. The Kuru Kingdom was the first ever state-level society that was recorded around 1000 BCE in South Asia.
4. The early Vedic Period went through a complete overhaul in the hands of Kuru Kingdom. The Vedic hymns were arranged into collection and new rituals were born. These rituals became known as the Srauta rituals. The Srauta rituals laid the foundations of what we know as Hindu-Synthesis or Classical Synthesis.
5. The Kuru Kingdom remained in power for nearly 450 years. During the Middle Vedic Period, the kingdom remained the center of culture and politics.
6. The kingdom’s power was at its height during the reigns of King Parikshit and King Janamejaya.
7. The importance of Kuru Kingdom declined significantly during the Late Vedic Period which lasted between c. 850 BCE and c. 500 BCE.
8. During the Late Vedic Period, the Mahajanapada Period significantly overshadowed the Kuru Kingdom but the legends of traditions of the Kuru Kingdom survived through time and continued into the post-Vedic era when the epic poetry ‘Mahabharata’ was composed.
9. The Rigveda prominently mentions the Kurus. The Kurus were described in Rigveda as early Indo-Aryans who ruled over modern Haryana (earlier what was Eastern Punjab) and Ganga-Jamuna Doab.
10. In the later Vedic Period however, the focus shifted to Ganga-Jamuna Doab from earlier Eastern Punjab. Painted Grey Ware settlements gradually increased in both numbers and size.