When it comes to universe, there is no scarcity of objects that can fascinate us and leave our jaws dropped. Here is another such thing – the Tadpole Galaxy. In this article on Tadpole galaxy facts we will learn a few things about this galaxy and try to understand what makes this galaxy so special.
|Galaxy Name||Tadpole Galaxy, PGC 57129, Arp 188, UGC 10214|
|Galaxy Type||Barred Spiral Galaxy|
|Striking Feature||A massive tail (trail) of stars that gives it the appearance of a tadpole|
|Discovery||Similar tadpole galaxies were first discovered in 1990s but were too facts (billions of light years away) to be studied. Later several people discovered these types of galaxies in close vicinity (within 600 million light years from Earth) and studied them.|
|Distance from Earth||~ 420 million light years|
|Diameter||390,000 light years or 120 kiloparsec or 3.2 arcminutes|
|Trail or Tail Length||280,000 light years|
|Mass of Galaxy||Not Available|
Tadpole Galaxy Facts: 1-5
1. The Tadpole Galaxy is located towards a norther constellation known as Draco Constellation.
2. This galaxy is a barred spiral galaxy but is actually disrupted. The disruption was caused by a smaller intruder galaxy that interacted with the Tadpole Galaxy approximately 100 million years ago.
3. According to astronomers, a smaller compact galaxy (the intruder galaxy) passed or crossed from in front of the Tadpole Galaxy from left to right.
4. Because of the mutual gravitational interaction of the two galaxies, the smaller intruder galaxy was slung around behind the UGC 10214. Scientists say that the intruder galaxy is currently some 300,000 light years behind the Tadpole Galaxy and it can be seen right through upper left foreground spiral arms of the Tadpole.
5. When this happened, the smaller intruder galaxy managed to pull out dust and stars from the spiral galaxy, creating a long trail.
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Tadpole Galaxy Facts: 6-10
6. The trail or tail created by this close interaction turned out to be very long. According to astronomers, this trail is around 280,000 light years long.
7. The interaction resulted in creation of numerous young stars and clusters of stars. These young blue stars and the clusters of stars can be seen in the arms of the spiral head of the Tadpole Galaxy.
8. Such new stars and also the clusters of stars can be seen in it tail of the Tadpole Galaxy.
9. The blue stars that are found in the Arp 188 are really massive compared to our very own Sun. They are actually at least a million times brighter and at least 10 times hotter compared to our Sun.
10. The cluster of stars that are found both in the spiral head’s arms and the long trail consist of about a million of stars.