If you like mysterious, magical, awe-inspiring, serene and overwhelming natural beauty, you should think of Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia. Not only does it display all the aforementioned traits but has also attracted scientists and conspiracy theorists alike. In this article titled 20 interesting Lake Baikal facts, we will explore some of the most interesting information about this extraordinary lake that teams with an amazing array of flora and fauna. So, let us begin…
Interesting Lake Baikal Lake Facts: 1-10
1. Lake Baikal is located in Southern Siberia. Its exact location is between the Buryat Republic on the southeast and Irkutsk Oblast on the northwest.
2. This lake is world’s largest (in terms of volume) freshwater lake. However, this is counted for unfrozen fresh water on the surface. Lake Baikal holds 20% of world’s entire unfrozen surface fresh water.
3. This lake is also known to be the deepest lake in the world with the maximum depth reaching 5,387 feet or 1,642 meters.
4. Not just that, it is also world’s clearest freshwater lake and the oldest freshwater lake. Its age is approximately 25 million years.
5. The lake was formed in an ancient rift valley and today stands at 395 miles or 636 kilometers in length. It is 49 miles or 79 kilometers in width at the widest point. This makes Baikal the largest lake in whole of Asia in terms of surface area. The lake’s total surface area stands at 12,248 square miles or 31,722 square kilometers.
6. The lake is 1,642 meters deep. Out of this 1,186.5 meters lies below sea level. On top of that, there is a sediment layer that runs another 4.3 miles or 7 kilometers in depth. So basically, the lake bed is actually at a depth of 8 to 11 kilometers or 5.0 to 6.8 miles below the surface of the earth, making the lake the deepest continental rift to exist on earth.
7. Interestingly, the lake is widening every year. The rift being geologically active and young actually widens by about 0.79 inches or 2 centimeters in a year.
8. Lake Baikal has three different basins with three different average depths. The North basin has an average depth of 3,000 feet or 900 meters. The South basin has an average depth of 4,600 feet or 1,400 meters. The Central basin has an average depth of 5,200 feet or 1,600 meters.
9. It is also the only confined freshwater lake in this world which has direct as well as indirect evidences for gas hydrates.
10. There are no active volcanoes in Lake Baikal as of now. The active ones can be found in the valley basin known as the Tunkinskaya Valley. This basin is basically a continuation of Baikal rift.