Indus Valley Civilization Facts: 11-15
11. The word Mohenjo-Daro literally meant the “mound of dead”.
12. It may be surprising to many when we say that the cities of Indus Valley Civilization were akin to present-day New York.
13. The archaeologists excavated statues of “dancing girls made of bronze”, a “man with beard till his bust”. They were amazed at the precision and perfection of those statues.
14. Great Bath, Great Granary, Assembly Hall were the architectural structures excavated in Mohenjo-Daro. Great Bath’s use is still not known but the archaeologists assume that it served some religious purpose, so used only during ceremonial occasion.
15. Great Granary was where all the grains were stored of that city. Every city maintained their own granary. Granaries were highly advanced with air duct feature to prevent moisture formation. This kept the grain dry. This type of advanced granary was next seen some 2800 years later in the Roman Civilization.
Indus Valley Civilization Facts: 16-20
16. In Lothal (Gujarat), ruins of dockyard were excavated. Rice was cultivated there and there was a game similar to Chess. People of IVC traded with Mesopotamian Civilization from there.
17. How did we know that Mesopotamian Civilization traded with Indus Valley Civilization? The answer is simple. The seals used by Mesopotamia was seen in Indus Valley Civilization and vice versa. Mesopotamians referred to the word “Mel-lah-ha” which many consider that it referred to Indus Valley Civilization people.
18. The word “Me-lah-ha” is identified with “Met-akam”, a Tamil word which meant “high country”. The Sanskrit word, “Mleccha” (foreign, barbaric etc.) is also identified with “Me-lah-ha” word.
19. In a city called Chanduraho (Indus), evidences of cosmetics were found. Women used lipsticks and other cosmetics. Even small dressing tables were found.
20. In Kalibangan (Rajasthan), fire altars were found which meant sacrifices were made. In Surkotda (Gujarat), remains of horses and chariots were found but of inferior quality. In Ropar (Punjab, India), pit dwellings (for warmth and defence) were seen and pets were buried along with the owners i.e., they believed in afterlife. In Rangpur (Gujarat), rice husk was excavated.