20 Interesting Gobi Desert Facts – Part II

by Sankalan Baidya
Gobi desert facts

Okay, in our last episode of Gobi Desert facts we learned that it is a cold desert, it is expanding at a rapid rate, it has rockier and grassland areas than sand and several other interesting and crazy facts. But, we were not done! There is more to learn and we are going to cover those in this second part of Gobi Desert facts. We hope that you will enjoy these facts as much as you did in the first part.

Interesting Gobi Desert Facts: 1-10

1. Gobi Desert is one of the most incredible places when it comes to archeological diggings. Well, no one dug out an ancient city here but yes, this is the place where the first dinosaur egg was unearthed.

2. Not just dinosaur eggs, a large number of dinosaur fossils are also found in this desert. A special focus goes on the Flaming Cliffs in the north-western side of this cold desert. This is the place where the chances of stumbling upon dinosaur fossils are very high.

3. Sitting in Nemegt Basin, the Flaming Cliffs are not really rocky structures. They are actually sand formations. Also known as Bayanzag, the Flaming Cliffs get their name because they look like blazing flames when the sun shines on them.

4. You know what? Gobi Desert is not just an interesting demographic location because of its interesting features. It is also a treasure land. Enormous amounts of gold and copper deposits have been identified in the location and both Mongolian and Chinese officials are planning on mining out those metals.

5. The Chinese government is actually building what is known as the Great Green Wall of China. This is a massive undertaking by the Chinese government to plant and create new forests to counter the desertification by Gobi Desert.

6. In our last list we told that Gobi Desert is not all sand. It also has many different types of plants. Scientists have identified 400 different plant species in this desert so far. For instance, needle grass and gray sagebush are two very common plant species you can find in Gobi Desert.

7. Not just plants, Gobi Desert is home for many different types of animal species and many of these animals are actually exotic by nature.

8. So far, experts have identified 45 different species of birds and animals that call this desert as their home. Snow Leopards, Golden Eagle, Brown Bears, Black-tailed Gazelles, Lynxes, Sheep, Wild Camels, Sand Plovers, Jumping Rats (known as Jerboas) are some of the common life forms that can be found in this desert.

9. We mentioned in our last article on Gobi Desert facts that the desert experiences some erratic temperature fluctuations. Just how erratic? Within a matter of few days, temperature of 25 degrees Fahrenheit can drop down to -30 degrees Fahrenheit.

10. Not just that, there are times when the temperatures can reach as high as 122 degrees Fahrenheit and even as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit.

Interesting Gobi Desert Facts: 11-20

11. We talked about the Devil’s City in Gobi Desert. But did you know that the Devil’s City is known for its unusual sounds and high magnetism? The sounds are created mostly by winds blowing at high speed of 85 miles an hour.

12. The desert is known to house 5 different types of ecosystem. These ecosystems are:

  • Tian Shan Range Ecosystem
  • Alashan Plateau Semi-Desert Ecosystem
  • Junngar Basin Semi-Desert Ecosystem
  • Gobi Lakes Valley Desert Steppe Ecosystem
  • Eastern Gobi Desert Steppe Ecosystem

13. Contrary to our popular notion that people don’t live in a desert, the Gobi Desert is home for not just plants and animals but also for humans. Most of these people are Han Chinese and Mongols.

14. Gobi Desert is rich in fossil fuels and has been a major site for fossil fuel extraction for a long period of time. In fact, it has one of the largest deposits of fossil fuel in whole planet.

15. The flora found in Gobi Desert is known for their xerophytic adaptation. This means that they have short or no leaves and they have long roots that go deep in the ground to increase the surface area of water absorption.

16. Short leaves or no leaves are specifically designed to reduce moisture loss in the dry and arid conditions of the desert.

17. The desert experiences rainfall but that is very low. The average yearly rainfall in this unique desert is 7 inches.

18. Gobi Desert is known for being the home for some of world’s largest and highest sand dunes. These sand dunes can be found in Inner Mongolia – an autonomous region of China.

19. Most of the lakes that are found in Gobi Desert are actually located in the area where these sand dunes exist. Interestingly, scientists say that these lakes have existed for a very very long time. These lakes are filled by groundwater.

20. As a matter of fact, scientific evidences show that Stone Age people actually lived alongside these lakes in Gobi Desert but the water levels of those lakes were higher at that point in time. Over time, the water levels have declined and are still declining. However, the rate of decline is not known.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

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