Oranges are tasty. Oranges are succulent. They have numerous health benefits and they have been around for since antiquity. In this article on general orange facts, we are going to learn 20 facts that we should know about this favorite fruit of ours. Some of the facts may be already known to you but there will be some facts that you will not be aware of. So, let’s get started. Well, just one thing! We will cover health benefits of oranges in a separate article. Let’s begin!
General Orange Facts: 1-5
1. Oranges belong to the family of Rutaceae of the genus Citrus. This citrus fruit is a hybrid of Pomelo and Mandarin. Its botanical name is Citrus sinesis. There are around 600 varieties of oranges. It is an evergreen tree.
2. They originated in South-east Asia and their cultivation began in 4000 BCE. They reached Africa, thanks to travelers and from there reached Rome in 200 BCE. This is a short history of how sweet oranges became popular all over the world.
3. While the sweet oranges had to take a long tour to reach Europe, the sour ones were introduced to Europeans by Arabs in 10 CE. It is believed that it was Christopher Columbus who brought orange seeds to America in 1493.
4. The orange tree can grow up to 30-33 feet high. Its leaves are oval and have fine teeth which are rounded on the edges.
5. Orange belongs to the group of berries, hesperidium to be precise. Hesperidium is a fruit whose pulp is sectioned inside a detachable rind. It rarely reproduces with the help of seed. Grafting is the method mostly used for its cultivation.
General Orange Facts: 6-10
6. Every year 70 million tons of oranges are produced. 85% of the oranges are made into orange juice and then consumed.
7. The oranges cultivated in warm climates are sweeter than the temperate ones. The more time you allow the oranges to be attached to the tree, the sweeter they become.
8. Oranges are just not orange! They are green too. Though they appear green and unripen, they taste the same as the normal orange we see. The peel is green in color because it has the property of re-absorbing chlorophyll in warm climates. Oranges are orange in cold or temperate climate and has shades of green in tropical or warm climates.
9. Many people think that orange word has come from the color orange but it actually stemmed from a Sanskrit word “naranga” which in turn was taken from a Tamil word “naru” which means fragrant. The word naranga became narang in Persian and Arabic and finally was included in the English language by an Old French word “orenge”.
10. The wood of orange tree is non-absorbent and it doesn’t splinter. Hence it is used in beauty salons for manicure and pedicure.