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20 Facts About Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong was a communist leader in the China and also the founder of the People’s Republic of China. He is often remembered for his remarkable contributions to the cultural revolution of the nation and also as a brave soldier. If you didn’t have any idea about this political leader earlier, why not find out some really interesting facts about Mao Zedong here?

Facts About Mao Zedong: 1-5

1. He was born on 26th December 1893 in the central China. Not much about his family life is publicly available though.

2. It was believed that he belonged to relatively a financially stable family than the other families of China at that time.

facts about mao zedong
Mao Zedong’s childhood home in Shaoshan, in 2010 | Link

3. Three acres of land were in the possession of his family during that time. Mao Zedong’s father was a wealthy grain dealer. His mother, Wen Qimei was a nurturing parent.

4. Mao Zedong didn’t have much extended educational background though. He was working full time in the fields by the age of 13.

5. According to sources, his father wanted him to get married when he turned 17. But he refused.

Facts About Mao Zedong: 6-10

6. It was the year 1911 when the Xinhua revolution started and Mao joined the rebellion. He established the Republic of China in 1912.

facts about mao zedong
Mao in Yan’an, 1930 | By Unknown – http://sites.google.com/site/myboooksindex/15-M-C-H-Commie-1920-1949, Public Domain, Link

7. Mao became a certified teacher after graduating from Republic of China in 1918.

8. The year proved to be unlucky for him as he lost his mother the same year. He decided not to return home after that.

9. Mao then moved to Beijing to look for a job. But he didn’t manage to get one and finally settled as a library assistant in the Beijing University.

10. He became the member of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921.

Facts About Mao Zedong: 11-15

11. Mao also had great contributions in developing Soviet Republic of China in the mountain area of Jiangxi.

12. He took the responsibility of building a strong troop of guerrilla fighters.

13. Mao brought total 10 regions under the management of the communists in the Jiangxi region by 1934.

14. The nervous Government in power started planning attacks and violence on the Communists. But their efforts couldn’t discourage the activists and the spirit of Mao.

15. Chiang Kai-shek, who came into power after Chinese President Sun Yat-sen’s death, planned a strong strike. He set up 1 million government forces to plan an attack on the Communists.

Photo of Mao Zedong sitting, published in “Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung”, ca. 1955 | By The People’s Republic of China Printing Office – Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (“The Little Red Book”), Public Domain, Link

Facts About Mao Zedong: 16-20

16. Around 100,000 Communists and their family members moved to Northern China to be on the safe side. Mao led their journey. However, only 30,000 out of the total 100,000 could survive the long 8,000 mile journey.

17. In 1937, when the Japanese Imperial army forcefully invaded China, Mao and Chiang Kai-shek came together to fight against them. This was the time when Mao declared himself as a military leader.

18. Mao launched the revolutionary “Great Leap Forward” to promote the agriculture and industrial production in 1958.

19. Mao Zedong met United States President Richard Nixon in 1972 to ease the relation between the two countries.

20. He died on September 18, 1976 because of Parkinson’s disease.

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Sources: 1, 2, 3