A jelly like substance which surrounds the brain of the cell or the nucleus is known as Cytoplasm. We have discussed cell facts in details and even talked about cell membrane. It is time to learn about cytoplasm facts without which there is no life. So let’s begin…
Cytoplasm Facts: 1-5
1. Cytoplasm is also called as cell substance. It is completely colorless. It is present in the space that lies between cell membrane and nucleus.
2. It consists of soluble ions and water. Cytoplasm is made of 80% water and the rest are fats, proteins, carbohydrates in dissolved form and salts. Because of the presence of salts and water, it is a good conductor of electricity.
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3. Of the proteins that are present suspended in the cytoplasm, 20-25% are soluble proteins which even includes enzymes.
4. The main cell organelles that are found floating in the cytoplasm like golgi apparatus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, centrosomes, chloroplasts (found only in plant cells), vacuoles (found only in plant cells) and ribosomes.
5. Cytoplasm is thick and when it is stirred, it liquefies. It is translucent or semi-transparent. It was discovered by Robert Brown and other scientists in the year 1835.
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Cytoplasm Facts: 6-10
6. The cytoplasm which is immediately next to the cell membrane is called as the ectoplasm or plasmogel or cell cortex and the cytoplasm which is close to the nucleus is known as the endoplasm or plasmosol.
7. Ectoplasm is dense and is concerned with the cell movement** whereas the endoplasm is less dense and holds the cell organelles. The ectoplasm can absorb or remove water from the cell according to the needs of the cell.
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8. Cytoplasm which is present inside the nucleus is called as the nucleoplasm (nuclear membrane separates nucleoplasm and cytoplasm). It is seen only in eukaryotic cells. In prokaryotic cells, only cytoplasm is present and it is the one which contains the genetic material (prokaryotic cells don’t have nucleus).
9. Cytoplasm sometimes acts as an integrated network while at other times it acts like a colloidal or sol solution. Because of greater concentration of Cytoplasm components, the cytoplasm also acts like a glass.
10. Because of the presence of fibers (which are arranged in an organized way), the cytoplasm shows differential staining properties. The areas which get stained by the basic dyes are called as ergatoplasm. They are cytoplasm’s basophilic areas.
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