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20 Amazing Pineapple Fruit Facts You Should Know

by Sankalan Baidya
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pineapple fruit facts

Okay, here is another set of pineapple facts that we thought you might like. Heads up! This list is not about its health benefits. So, don’t expect to read things like how good this fruit is for eyes or skin or stuff like that. It is just a set of random facts that you may use for quiz or any other purpose such as school project. Ready to start?

Amazing Pineapple Fruit Facts: 1-5

1. We said in our previous article that pineapple belongs to bromeliad family. We didn’t say that it is actually one of the very few plants in that family that produces a fruit that we can eat.

2. A pineapple fruit has a central core. It is around this central core that individual berries fuse together to form the fruit. You are right! Pineapple is a perfect example of “Multiple Fruit”.

3. Talking of berries, every scale that you see in a pineapple is actually an individual berry.

4. In Philippines, the leaves of pineapple are used for producing a particular type of fiber called piña. This piña is actually a textile fiber and is a common material in Barong Tagalog and Baro’t Saya – dresses worn by men and women respectively.

5. It may be a bit surprising but did you know that piña is not just used for making clothes. It is also a major component in furnishings and wallpaper.

Amazing Pineapple Fruit Facts: 6-10

6. Hummingbird importation is completely restricted in Hawaii in areas where agricultural cultivation of pineapples take place.

7. Can you guess the reason why Hummingbird importation is restricted in Hawaii? Because these birds pollinate pineapple and when that happen, seeds form. Good quality pineapples must not have seeds. So, pollination should not be allowed.

8. There are some wild pineapples that are pollinated by bats. Those pineapples have been seen to open flowers only when it is night.

9. Can you guess the number of varieties of pineapple? Purdue University’s Agriculture Department lists 37 cultivars or varieties. However, when it comes to broad categorization, there are primarily four – Aabacaxi, Queen, Red Spanish and Smooth Cayenne.

10. All 37 known varieties are grouped in one of the four primary groups. Grouping is done based on sweetness, commercial availability and size.

Amazing Pineapple Fruit Facts: 11-15

11. Smooth Cayenne is by far the most popular variety in world. It is also known as Cayena Lisa or simply Cayenne.

12. Smooth Cayenne has two other names – Kew and Sarawak – usually used in India, Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.

13. Many people consider the Abacaxi as ‘the most’ delicious pineapple in whole world. However, there is a problem with this group of pineapples. They are too tender and hence, commercial handling is a serious problem.

14. Pineapple is a tropical perennial herbaceous plant. Being tropical, it has special requirements for growth in terms of temperature and soil conditions. For instance, pineapple is unable to tolerate any low temperature. An awful lot of sunlight is required during the day.

15. The optimum temperature for growing healthy pineapples is 32°C during day times at 20°C during night times. In case you didn’t know, if the temperature dips by even 1°C or increases by even 1°C, the growth rate of pineapple decreases by 6%!

Amazing Pineapple Fruit Facts: 16-20

16. If the temperature rises above 35°C, the fruit will get sunburns! The site of production should be absolutely frost-free.

17. If pineapple is grown in an area which in not irrigated, it is absolutely necessary that there should be proper distribution of rainfall round the year and the minimum yearly rainfall should be 750 mm.

18. Come to soil, pineapple requires clay loams, sandy loams or free-draining loams. The soil should be properly aerated and non-compacted. There should not be any rock or hard clay within a meter of top soil surface.

19. Also, the land where cultivation is done, drainage system should be very good. If the drainage is not good, root rot and heart rot diseases will set in because the root system will become weak.

20. Because drainage system has to be robust, it is necessary that the land should have a slope of anywhere between 2 and 6 percent. Any less than that and drainage will not work properly and any more than that and erosion control and operational costs will skyrocket.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4

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