1 element – about 10 million compounds – present in every known living organism on Earth – well, carbon is definitely one of the most incredible elements on the Period Table. We have definitely delayed a lot in writing about this fascinating element. So, here we are today, making up for the lost time. In this article, we will learn 20 amazing carbon facts that will simply leave you surprised. Be sure that this isn’t the only article on carbon facts that we will write. There will be at least one more article. So, enjoy!
But, before we start…
|Element Family||Group 14 (modern IUPAC notation), Group IV or Carbon Group|
|Color||Black if in graphite form and transparent if in diamond form.|
|Melting Point||3550°C or 3823 K (Please note that when carbon is heated, it will simply change phase from solid to gas without melting into liquid. However, when pressure is gradually increased to reach 10 atmosphere graphite (carbon) will melt at the said temperature).|
|Boiling Point||3825°C or 4098 K (Please note that the boiling point that has been mentioned here is when graphite vapor pressure attains 1 atmosphere above subliming graphite).|
|Density at 20°C||2.267 g/cm3|
|Number of Electrons||6|
|Number of Protons||6|
|Number of Neutrons (As found in most abundant isotope)||6|
|12C (Stable and naturally occurring)|
|13C (Stable and naturally occurring)|
|14C (Natural and Radioactive with 5,730 years of half-life)|
|Element Structure||For diamond it has tetrahedral structure | For Graphite, it has hexagonal layers.|
|Atomic Radius||70 pm|
|Hardness||Graphite (0.5 mohs) | Diamond (10.0 mohs).|
Okay, now that we have the basic information in hand, it is time we start with our facts list. Ready?
Amazing Carbon Facts: 1-5
1. Heard about organic chemistry? Carbon forms the very base of organic chemistry. Why like that? That’s because, every living organism that we know today has carbon.
2. Diamond is one of the hardest known substance to mankind. Graphite on the other hand is one of the softest known substance that we know of. Both are carbon.
4. Carbon was not formed during Big Bang. It is created inside stars (like our Sun).
5. Carbon is classified as a nonmetal. However, carbon is known for not only bonding with itself but also with almost every known element. This means that there are too many carbon compounds. Just how many? Almost 10 million!