In our last article on watermelon health benefits facts, we learned that it helps to prevent erectile dysfunction, improves insulin sensitivity, lowers blood pressure, reduces oxidative stress and more. But, we weren’t done! So, here is our second installment of watermelon health facts that everyone should know. So, if you are reading this article right now, take it seriously and share it with all those whom you love. It can help them a lot.
Now, let’s get started with our list of watermelon health facts you were possibly unaware of…
Watermelon Health Facts: 1-5
1. Prevention of Constipation: Almost everyone of us have faced this problem. Hard stool and difficulty in passing stool is a major gastrointestinal problem and it sucks big time. Drinking a lot of water and eating a lot of fibrous food can help in prevention of constipation. Watermelon fits the bill quite nicely. With 92% water content and high dietary fiber content, this tasty snack and help you replace a few glasses of daily recommended water intake and jelly out the poop from your bottom.
2. Treating Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Okay, that’s a mouthful of a name but simply put, it is a type of muscular degeneration (a severe one) that leads to chronic or long term inflammation. This is caused by inflammatory signaling cascade. In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, signaling of (NF) -kB levels are interrupted, leading to what is known as (NF) -kB cascade. Watermelon has L-arginine, which has been found to increase regeneration of muscles and decrease inflammation by inhibiting inflammatory signaling cascade. It also inhibits (NF) -kB cascade and helps in promoting membrane integrity of muscles. We already know that L-arginine is abundant in watermelon and hence, we know what it can do.
3. Helps to Maintain Healthy Skin: Girls will love this. Watermelon is rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin E. Their molecular weight is very low and can easily penetrate into the skin and help in production of collagen. This protects skin from chronic UV ray damage (also known as photodamage) and prevents wrinkle protection and skin aging.
4. Promotes Hair Growth: l-Ascorbic acid 2-phosphate – this is a derivative of Vitamin C. Scientists have found that treating hair follicles using this derivative helps in dermal papilla cells’ growth stimulation and hair shaft elongation. Do we need to say more? Eat watermelon folks!
5. Weight Loss: It is not a myth. Scientific experiments have found that citrulline in watermelon is converted into arginine. Arginine in turn blocks TNAP or tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphate, thereby preventing excess fat accumulation in fat cells. It is a serious scientific thing to discuss but bottom line – more watermelon = less fat.
Watermelon Health Facts: 6-10
6. Improves Bone Health: Calcium = bone health – we have heard this and watermelon has calcium. So, we barely need to talk about calcium. We however need to talk about Lycopene. Lycopene reduces oxidative stress because it is antioxidant. Free radicals are known for reducing osteoclast and osteoblast activities. Osteoclasts and Osteoblasts are categories of bone cells and are always related to osteoporosis when their activities are reduced. The antioxidant property of Lycopene prevents this from happening. Additionally, Lycopene suppresses bone resorption and in the process, inhibits bone loss. So, watermelons are? Yes! Good for health.
7. Support to Our Nerves: Watermelon is rich in potassium. Now, potassium is known for regulating muscle tissue and nerve excitability. Both potassium and magnesium present in watermelon are known to be intracellular cations (pronounced as CAT-ions). The concentration of these cations on both sides of extracellular and intracellular membranes increases resting membrane potential, thereby determining the frequency and degree of contraction and relaxation of muscles. Again, the electrolyte content (potassium and sodium) of watermelon is high. Our nervous system needs these electrolytes, especially potassium for sending electrical impulses to our muscles, heart etc. So yes, watermelons help our nerves as well.
8. Helps to Reduce Inflammation: We already discussed this in part in point number 2. We spoke of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, which is responsible for prompting inflammatory markers. But how about watermelon powder? Scientists studied that in rats, dextran sodium sulfate treatment led to inflammation. However, when the rats were given watermelon powder, inflammation reduced over time. So, scientists believe that watermelon may play a crucial role in inflammation management, which is responsible for several health issues like atherosclerosis and eventually, cardiovascular diseases.
9. Keeps Body Alkaline: If you are thinking that alkaline die is all about losing weight, you are so very wrong! Human body is designed to stay alkaline and a pH level of 7.4 is required for survival. Acidic body conditions are not good and can lead to a wide range of health problems like kidney and bladder infections, sciatica, respiratory problems, immune deficiency, cardiovascular damage, increased oxidative stress, premature aging and more. Eating alkaline food helps to reduce the risks of those health conditions. Scientists have found that watermelon, which is an alkaline food can help in a number of ways (many of them already discussed) including reduction in chronic pain. It helps to reduce premature aging and even prevents cardiovascular diseases, cancer etc.
10. Wound Healing: Our wounds will heal properly and quickly if we consume Vitamin C or ascorbic acid in proper quantities. What happens in case of wound? First, there is inflammatory stage where neutrophils get clustered in the wound area. Finally, they self-destruct (apoptosis). For apoptosis, Vitamin C is required. During proliferative stage, synthesis, maturation and degradation of collagen is assisted by Vitamin C, which also helps in formation of scars. After the injury, ascorbic acid’s plasma levels fall significantly, requiring a replenishment of the nutrient for continued and sped up healing process. Now, watermelon has high quantities of Vitamin C and so, if you have an injury, consider eating it more.
Watermelon Health Facts: 11-15
11. Slowing Down Cell Damage: One of the primary reasons for natural cell damage are the free radicals (which are basically chemicals will single electrons, making them highly reactive). These free radicals hurt and damage our cells. Our body is capable of dealing with this damage only to a limited extent. Extra nutrients and co-factors are required for destroying free radicals and slowing down cell damage. Vitamin C is one such nutrient. There are many more like Lycopene, Vitamin A, Vitamin E etc. They are present in ample quantities in watermelons and hence, prevent cellular damage caused by free radicals by scavenging and destroying these free radicals.
12. Prevention of Heat Stroke: Heat Stroke can lead to death and quite a number of people die each year because of this. The key to prevention of heat stroke is staying properly hydrated and maintaining proper electrolyte balance. Watermelon is 92% water and contains high quantities of electrolytes – sodium and potassium. Eating watermelon provides ample water, keep our body hydrated. Also, the more hydrated we stay, the more we will sweat, which is a mechanism used by our body to cool us down during hot days. So, eat watermelons more when you are working outside on a scorching day.
13. Improves Our Immunity: Do you know what happens when you are ill or you are under stress or you get an infection? Leukocytes and Vitamin C content in our plasma drops rapidly, making us even more vulnerable. So, eating citrus fruits like oranges can help a lot. However, oranges are usually winter fruits. For summers, that support comes from watermelons that are known for having a hearty amount of Vitamin C, which can supplement our immune system. This Vitamin in particular is known for improving the antimicrobial properties of our immune system and also improves the efficacy of the natural killer cells we have in our bodies. It also helps in increasing lymphocytes that become active when we contract illness. So, if you want to improve your immune system, eating watermelon is a good idea.
14. Prevention of Periodontitis: Heard of it? It is a gum disease in which, the disease slowly progresses and infects tissues that support teeth. Over time, inflammation results in pocket formation in gums, gingival bleeding and teeth loss. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to increased risk of this disease but its deficiency doesn’t directly cause the disease. Proper amounts of Vitamin C helps in collagen formation, which is required when infectious diseases set in. So, eating watermelon can be a nice way to providing ample amounts of Vitamin C to our body.
15. Scurvy Prevention: This disease is caused by Vitamin C deficiency. The primary function of Vitamin C in our body is none other than absorption of iron from our intestinal tract. Our body is not capable of synthesizing Vitamin C on its own and hence, external source is always required. When scurvy sets, what really happens is that our body lacks iron because it cannot be absorbed abundantly by lack of Vitamin C. Scurvy leads to problems like lethargy, fatigue and even anemia. In long run, the disease leads to edema, neuropathy, jaundice and in worst cases, death. So, getting ample amounts of Vitamin C is very necessary for prevention of scurvy. Watermelon is a good source!
That concludes our watermelon health facts. No more articles on this topic. In case you know a few more of watermelon health facts, feel free to share with us. We will love to read and learn.