The Mars Orbiter Mission of India is the talk of the time and why not? India achieved ‘never-before-achieved’ milestones!
ISRO has set examples for the entire world and proved that not only India is capable of achieving things what most advanced nations in world are capable of, but also she can achieve the same targets with greater efficiency and in most cost-effective fashion!
Today we are here to learn 15 interesting Mars Orbiter Mission facts. So, let us begin!
Interesting Mars Orbiter Mission Facts: 1 – 5
1. India is THE ONLY country in this world to have reached the orbit of Mars in its very first attempt and deploy the spacecraft exactly where it should be with 100% accuracy!
2. Also referred to as Mangalyaan, the Mars Orbiter Mission is world’s cheapest interplanetary mission with a total cost of Rupees 450 crores.
3. At 450 crores of total cost, the expense each Indian had to bear is less than Rs. 4.00!
4. Hollywood spent more than that amount to create a movie named ‘Gravity’.
5. With the success of Mars Orbiter Mission, the Indian Space Research Organization became the fourth agency in this world to have successfully inserted a spacecraft in Martian orbit.
Interesting Mars Orbiter Mission Facts: 6 – 10
6. The other three space agencies to have successfully sent interplanetary probes to Martian orbit are ESA (European Space Agency), NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and Roscosmos (Russian Federal Space Agency). However, none of them succeeded in their first attempt.
7. The spacecraft is laden with methane sensors. Methane is a key chemical for determining life process. This means that if the spacecraft manages to detect methane in Martian atmosphere, it will prove the presence of most elementary form of life on the planet.
8. The total weight of scientific equipment present on the spacecraft is mere 15 kilograms. These equipment will study Martian atmosphere, surface and mineralogy.
9. The Methane Sensors for Mars (MSM) are responsible for gathering information on the modus operandi of the Martian atmosphere. These MSMs are one of the 5 solar-powered instruments present on the spacecraft.
10. The mission was actually approved by Government of India on August 3, 2012.
Interesting Mars Orbiter Mission Facts: 11 – 15
11. PSLV-C25 launched this interplanetary-probe from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on November 5, 2013.
12. The probe left Earth’s orbit on the very same day, but was eventually attached to the transfer trajectory of Mars on December 1, 2013.
13. The mission completed its 100th day in space on February 12, 2014.
14. The weight of the Mars Orbiter is 1,337 kilograms. The total weight of fuel used is 852 kilograms and the total weight of the scientific equipment aboard is 15 kilograms, making the total cumulative weight of 2,204 kilograms.
15. According to NASA, the Red Planet was targeted by 51 interplanetary missions from Earth of which only 21 succeeded.
Though the initial mission of MOM was only for 6 months, the spacecraft has successfully completed 5 years in Martian orbit on September 24, 2019 and it still has enough fuel to stay on Martian orbit for another year. Till now, it has managed to send 2 terabytes of imaging data back to Earth.