Underground cities are nothing new to us. History’s platter is full of these unique cities that were built during the ancient era. However, one of these underground cities requires special attention. The Derinkuyu underground city in Turkey’s Nevşehir Province in Cappadocia is one of its kinds. What makes this underground city special? How big was the city? When was it built? Questions like these must have flocked your mind by now. So, let us waste time no more and learn 15 interesting Derinkuyu underground city facts.
Derinkuyu Underground City Facts: 1-10
1. The historical Derinkuyu underground city is located in Cappadocia’s Nevşehir Province in Turkey. Cappadocia is historically popular because it houses over 200 underground cities.
2. Of those 200+ underground cities, the Derinkuyu underground city captures the limelight because of its extraordinary depths.
3. Unlike all other underground cities in the region which are 2 or 4 levels deep, the underground city of Derinkuyu is 18 stories deep and runs 60 meters below the surface. It is neither the oldest and not the largest underground city in world but it is definitely the deepest one in this world!
4. The most interesting fact about the city is that despite its amazing depth, it has a supply of fresh flowing water and fresh air even at the deepest point.
5. The entire complex is big enough to house 20,000 people and is complete with storage rooms, refectories, stables, oil presses, chapels and wine presses.
6. This subterranean city even had a missionary school.
7. The city probably worked as a bunker during natural disasters and/or raids by invaders.
8. The missionary school in the city was located on second floor. The room featured barrel vaulted ceiling.
9. To the left of the school are other rooms that were probably used as studies.
10. Vertical staircases from 3rd and 4th floor onward lead to cruciform plan church that is located in the lowest level of the city.