Today in History – September 17, a number of very important events took place in history in both India and rest of the world. Let us take a look at the past of humanity and find out what we have been up to since the olden times.
What Happened On This Day in History – September 17
Today in History – September 17: “India”
1799: Death of Madhavrao Peshwa’s kingdom’s very capable diplomat and leader – Parshuram Bhau Patwardhan.
1864: Birth of religious reformer – Anagrik Dharmapal.
1879: Birth of E.V. Ramaswami Naicker, Dravid movement’s prominent leader. He was also a social reformer.
1899: First set of British troops leave for South Africa from Bombay.
1934: Gandhi announces retirement from politics starting October 1.
1937: Birth of Gyanpeeth awardee and a very famous Oriya poet – Sitakant Mahapatra
1948: Hyderabad’s Nizam announces the cease fire of his own troops and broadcasts the news of accession to Indian Union. This accession was already settled after ending of Operation Polo.
1949: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was founded by C.N. Annadurai.
1950: Diplomatic recognition granted to Israel by Government of India.
1954: Bigamy outlawed in India.
1956: Establishment of ONGC or Oil and Natural Gas Commission.
1960: Indus treaty between India and Pakistan on distribution of water of river Indus its tributaries.
Today in History – September 17: “World”
1176: Seljuk Turks and Byzantine Empire fight the Battle of Myriokephalon.
1382: Mary – the daughter of Louis the Great – was crowned as Hungary’s ‘King’.
1462: During Thirteen Years’ War, the Battle of Świecino (sometimes referred to as Battle of Żarnowiec) was fought.
1620: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire fight the Battle of Cecora during Polish-Ottoman War.
1631: During the Thirty Years’ War, the Battle of Breitenfeld is fought during which, the Swedish forces defeated the Holy Roman Empire.
1658: During Portuguese Restoration War, Spain and Portugal fight in the Battle of Vilanova.
1683: Royal Society receives a letter from Antonie van Leeuwenhoek with description of ‘animalclues’. It was the first known Protozoa description.
1775: During American Revolutionary War, Siege of Fort St. Jean marks the beginning of Invasion of Canada.
1793: Battle of Peyrestortes takes place.
1794: Battle of Sprimont takes place.
1861: Battle of Pavón takes place.
1862: Confederate Army’s northward drive was halted by George B. McClellan at Battle of Antietam – a single-day battle fought during American Civil War. It was American military history’s bloodiest day.
1894: Battle of Yalu River takes place. It was the largest engagement of naval forces during first Sino-Japanese war.
1900: Philippine American War – Americans led by Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham Jr. were defeated by Filipinos fighting under the command of Juan Cailles. The clash took place at Mabitac.
1901: Battle of Blood River Poort takes place.
1901: Battle of Elands River takes place.
1914: Race to the Sea begins during WWI.
1916: Popularly known as “The Red Baron”, Manfred von Richthofen – German Luftstreitkräfte’s flying ace – wins first aerial combat close to Cambrai, France.
1939: Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany joined by Soviet Union during WWII’s Polish Defensive War.
1939: During WWII, HMS Courageous – the aircraft carrier of British Navy was sunk by U-29 – a German submarine.
1941: Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran ends as Soviet Army enters Tehran.
1944: Soviet offensive against pro-independence Estonian Units and Germany during WWII in what is known as Tallinn Offensive.
1944: Allied forces attack German forces in Battle of San Marino during WWII.