Wondering what happened Today in History – October 3 in India and in world? Honestly, a lot happened but it is not possible to sum up every event in this single list. Hence, we will handpick some of the most important events that left a mark on our today and will continue to impact our future in a myriad ways. So, let us go back in time…
What Happened On This Day in History – October 3
Today in History – October 3: “India”
1670: Shivaji plundered Surat for the second time. The plundering started on 3rd October and ended on 5th October.
1831: British took direct control of Mysore.
1977: Indira Gandhi was arrested on basis of official corruption and planned elimination of leaders or opposition who were arrested and jailed without trail by her during the emergency.
1978: Physician Subhash Mukhopadhyay became India’s first (and second in world physician) to create a test tube baby by In Vitro Fertilization. The baby was named ‘Durga’ aka Kanupriya Agarwal.
1984: Himsagar Express – the longest distance train of India was flagged on this day. Later a longer distance train called Vivek Express was launched, making Himsagar Express the second-longest distance train in India.
1992: World Professional Billiards Championship was won by Geet Sethi.
1994: A formal declaration made by India on its claim of Security Council’s permanent membership.
2000: India and Russia signed a strategic partnership declaration on this day.
Today in History – October 3: “World”
2457 BCE: Gaecheonjeol: National Foundation Day of South Korea. It is believed that 3rd October, 2457 BCE, Hwanung descended to Earth from the Heavens to live with mankind.
52 BCE: Battle and Siege of Alesia comes to and end when Gauls leader Vercingetorix surrendered to the Romans who were led by Julius Caesar.
42 BCE: First Battle of Philippi takes place between Octavian and Triumvirs Mark Antony against Cassius and Brutus. The latter two were the assassins of Caesar.
382: Theodosius I – Roman Emperor – concluded a peace treaty with Goths. Under the treaty, the Goths settled in the Balkans and provided military service to the Romans when needed.
1283: Prince of Gwynedd in Wales – Dafydd ap Gruffydd – becomes first nobleman who was executed by the method of hanging, drawing and quartering.
1574: Watergeuzen lifted the Siege of Leiden.
1739: At the end of Russian-Turkish War, Russia and Ottoman Empire signed Treaty of Niš.
1789: US’ national government designated first Thanksgiving Day was made by George Washington.
1873: Kintpuash or Captain Jack was hanged to death along with his companions (Native Americans) on charges of War Crime.
1912: At Battle of Coyotepe Hill, Benjamín Zeledón commanded US forces defeated the rebels of Nicaragua.
1929: Kingdom of Serbs, Kingdom of Croats and Kingdom of Slovenes were together named as Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
1930: German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left was founded after DSAP had split in Łódź.
1932: Iraq gained her independence from UK.
1935: During Second Italo-Abyssinian War, General de Bono led Italian forces invaded Ethiopia.
1950: The First Battle of Maryang San during Korean War begins. In this battle, British and Australian forces fight against communist China.
1952: UK becomes world’s third nuclear power by successfully testing nuclear weapon.
1963: October 13 elections in Honduras prevented by a violent coup. The reforms period comes to an end a 20-year long military rule started.
2008: George W. Bush signed Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for emergency stabilization of the US economic system.