In this article titled Today in History – October 20 – India and World, we will sum up the most important events that took place in both Indian subcontinent and the rest of the world. We will try our best to provide most accurate dates. However, human error is something unavoidable. In case you spot any error in our list of historical events and dates, kindly inform us with proper sources so that we can fix the error as soon as possible.
What Happened On This Day in History – October 20
Today in History – October 20: “India”
1567: Akbar laid siege on Chittorgarh that was ruled by Rana Uday Singh II. This was the third siege of Chittorgarh by Akbar. Rana Uday Singh II eventually fell on February 28, 1568.
1774: East India Company Government was abolished and a new government was installed. Warren Hastings became the Governor General of the Presidency of Fort William.
1960: Kumaon Hills’ Nanda Ghunti peak was conquered on this day by first officially organized mountaineering expedition known as All India Mountaineering Expedition.
1962: Sino-India war began on this day. China launched a massive attack along McMohan Line and in Ladhak.
1963: Navjot Singh Sidhu – famous Indian cricketer was born on this day.
1978: Virendra Sehwag – famous Indian cricketer was born on this day.
1991: A powerful earthquake claims the lives of 1,000 people in Uttarkashi.
Today in History – October 20: “World”
1568: The Dutch rebel forces led by William the Silent were defeated by forces led by Spanish Duke of Alba in the Battle of Jodoigne.
1572: The Siege of Goes is relieved by Cristóbal de Mondragón who went to aid with 3000 Spanish Tercios soldiers.
1720: Royal Navy captures Calico Jack – the famous Caribbean pirate.
1740: Throne of Austria taken by Maria Theresa. Honoring of Pragmatic Sanction was completely refused by Saxony, Bavaria, Prussia and France. This leads to the beginning of War of Austrian Succession.
1781: Habsburg Monarchy approved Patent of Toleration and provided freedom of worship, albeit, limited.
1827: The Battle of Navarino takes place. It was the last significant naval warfare using wooden ships. Combined naval forces of Russia, France and England defeated the combined forces of Egypt and Turkey.
1883: Involvement of Peru in the War of the Pacific comes to an end when Peru ceded Tarapacá province to Chile via the Treaty of Ancón that Peru and Chile signed on this very day.
1935: The Long March comes to an end. It was a behemoth retreat of Chinese Communist Party armed forces and it started in 1934.
1941: In Kragujevac massacre, Kragujevac civilians – thousands of them – in Serbia, which was occupied by Germany, were killed during WWII.
1944: Yugoslavia’s capital Belgrade was liberated by Yugoslav Partisans and Soviet Army.
1946: Democratic Republic of Vietnam’s government decided the October 20 will be Vietnam Women’s Day.
1947: Diplomatic relationships were established between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and United States of America for the first time.
1952: State of emergency is declared in Kenya by Governor Evelyn Baring. He ordered the arrests of anyone and everyone who could possibly the leaders of Mau Mau Uprising. Even Jomo Kenyatta was also arrested. Kenyatta later went on to become President of Kenya.
1961: Submarine-launched ballistic missile’s first armed test was carried out by Soviet Union. Soviet Union launched R-13 missile from her Golf-class submarine.
2011: Muammar Gaddafi was captured by National Transitional Council rebel forces in Sirte – Gaddafi’s hometown. Gaddafi was impaled and killed shortly after the capture.