Have you ever encountered the question – ‘how vital is history?’ In case you haven’t, it is wise to understand right now that historical events have shaped our present and will continue to shape our future along with what we do today. So, understanding or at least knowing a few things about history is important. In this article titled Today in History – October 2, we bring to you the important events that took place in past. Let’s go back in time…
What Happened On This Day in History – October 2
Today in History – October 2: “India”
1422: Ruler of Bahmani Sultanate – Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah – died on this day.
1869: Gandhi was born.
1904: Lal Bahadur Shastri – India’s second Prime Minister after Independence was born.
1934: Establishment date of Indian Naval Forces.
1951: Bharatiya JanSangh Party was established by Dr. Shyamaprasad Mukherjee.
1954: Chandannagar – a former French colony was integrated into West Bengal on this day.
1961: Shipping Corporation of India was established.
1972: Bombay Doordarshan broadcasting started.
1995: Gandhi Peace Prize instituted.
Today in History – October 2: “World”
829: Michael II was succeeded by his son Theophilos as Emperor of Byzantine Empire.
1187: Following 88-year long Crusader Rule, Jerusalem was captured by Saladin during Siege of Jerusalem.
1263: Scots and Norwegians fight each other at Battle of Largs.
1470: England’s King Edward IV was forced to flee to Netherlands by rebellion of Richard Neville. This restored Henry VI to throne of England.
1552: Ivan the Terrible conquered Kazan.
1780: During American Revolutionary War, American forces hang British Army Officer John André, who operated as a British spy in American forces.
1814: Rebel Chilean forces led by José Miguel Carrera and Bernardo O’Higgins were defeated in Battle of Rancagua by Spanish Royalist troops that were led by Mariano Osorio.
1835: Battle of Gonzales kick-starts the Texas Revolution
1937: Rafael Trujillo – a strongman of Dominican Republic – ordered killing of Haitian population that lived within borderlands of Dominican Republic. In next 5 days, 20,000 Haitians were killed.
1941: An all-out offensive move made by Germany against Moscow with Operation Typhoon during WWII.
1942: RMS Queen Mary – an Ocean Liner – accidentally rammed into her own escort ship – HMS Curacoa. The later sank, killing all 239 crewmen. This happened during WWII.
1944: Warsaw Uprising ended by German Troops during WWII.
1949: People’s Republic of China that was proclaimed on 1st October 1949, was recognized by Soviet Union.
1958: Independence declared from France by Guinea.
1996: Bill Clinton signed Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments.
2002: Beltway Sniper Attack started. It continued for 3 weeks.