Historical facts and events have a great significance in our lives. This article titled Today in History – November 18 – India and World is going to provide you with some prepackaged information that will go hand-in-hand with your historical lessons and your preparations for Civil Services examination. Not to mention, it will be of particular interest to you provided you are a history buff. Whatever the case be, let us get in a time capsule and take a look into our past.
What Happened On This Day in History – November 18
Today in History – November 18: “India”
1727: The foundation stone for Jaipur was laid down by Amber’s Maharaja Jai Singh-II. The city was built by architect Vidyadhar Chakraborty from Bengal. It became India’s first planned city.
1772: Fourth Peshwa of Maratha Empire – Madhavrao Peshwa died on this day approximately at around 8 AM because of tuberculosis. He was one of the greatest Peshwas of Maratha Empire and it is during his reign the famous Maratha Resurrection happened. He died at the age of 28.
1839: British sugar merchant P. Barron discovered Nainital.
1910: Batukeshwar Dutt – famous Indian revolutionary was born on this day. He, along with legendary Bhagat Singh bombed the Central Legislative Assembly. Only a few people sustained injuries and no one was killed. Dutt and Singh had no intention of killing anyone and hence, a low yield bomb was used by them.
1936: An entrepreneur and a formidable freedom fighter – V.O. Chidambram Pillai – died on this day. He established the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company on October 16, 1936. This step by him had hit the British company hard enough to make the British take some reactive steps.
1955: Nikita Kruschev and Nicolai Bulganin – two top leaders of Soviet Union visited Delhi for first time.
Today in History – November 18: “World”
1493: Christopher Columbus, for the first time, spots an island that is today known by the name Puerto Rico.
1494: Florence in Italy is occupied by Charles VIII – French King.
1803: During the Haitian Revolution, the last major battle known as the Battle of Vertières was fought on this day. The battle was decisive and it led to the formation of Republic of Haiti. In Western Hemisphere, it was the first black republic.
1809: During Napoleonic Wars, in a naval conflict that took place at Bay of Bengal, British East Indiamen were defeated by the French forces.
1812: During the Napoleonic Wars, a French defeat concludes the Battle of Krasnoi. However, Michel Ney – French Marshal – showed impeccable bravery and leadership. This earned him the title ‘The Bravest of the Brave’.
1863: Denmark’s King Christian IX signed the November Constitution. This November Constitution declared Schleswig as Denmark’s part. German Confederation on the other hand looked at it as violation of London Protocol. This is what lead to 1864’s German-Danish wars.
1916: In the middle of World War I, during the First Battle of Somme. Douglas Haig – commander of British Expeditionary Forces calls off the battle. The battle actually started back in July 1 the same year.
1918: Independence from Russia declared by Latvia.
1943: During WWII, 440 planes of Royal Air Force bombed Berlin. However, only a light damage was caused and 131 people died in the air raid. Royal Air Force on the other hand lost 9 planes and 53 crew members.
1961: 18,000 military advisors were sent to South Vietnam by John F. Kennedy – President of United States.
1971: Independence declared by Oman from United Kingdom.
2013: Maven Probe launched by NASA. The destination was Mars.