Today in History – November 16 – India and World is an article designed to bring to you packaged historical events that makes it easy for you to prepare for competitive exams. These historical events curated here are a collection of most important events in both Indian and world history that played a significant role in shaping our present and will continue to influence our future in some form or other. So, let us jump on a time capsule and visit our past…
What Happened On This Day in History – November 16
Today in History – November 16: “India”
1713: Chattrapati Shahu (Emperor of Maratha Empire) appointed Balaji Vishwanath as Peshwa of Martha Empire. Peshwa is synonymous to Prime Minister. Balaji Vishwanath is often considered as the Second Founder of Maratha Empire.
1877: Ardaseer Cursetjee Wadia – engineer and ship builder – died on this day. He was the first Indian who was elected as Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS).
1986: Second SAARC summit was hosted in Bangalore.
1988: Full recognition was given to state of Palestine by India.
Today in History – November 16: “World”
1532: In Battle of Cajamarca, Inca Emperor Atahualpa was captured by Governor of New Castile – Francisco Pizarro González and his men. Atahualpa was killed in the battle and this ended the Inca Empire. The lands were captured by Pizarro and claimed for Spain.
1776: During American Revolutionary War, Fort Washington was captured from the patriots by Hessian and British units.
1776: During American Revolution, independence of United States was recognized by United Provinces (Low Countries).
1793: During the French Revolution, 90 Roman Catholic Priests were drowned and executed in the city of Nantes. These priests opposed the official policy.
1805: In Battle of Schöngrabern during Napoleonic Wars, the pursuit by Joachim Murat-led French troops was delayed by Pyotr Bagration-led Russian forces.
1904: John Ambrose Fleming – an English engineer – received patent for Vacuum Tube (Thermionic Valve).
1907: Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory joined together forming Oklahoma, which was admitted into USA as the 46th state.
1914: Official opening day for America’s Federal Reserve Bank.
1938: The psychedelic drug LSD was synthesized in Basel’s Sandoz Laboratories by Albert Hofmann.
1940: During WWII, Royal Airforce bombed Hamburg in response to German Luftwaffe’s bombing of Coventry
1943: During WWII, in Norway’s Vemork (controlled by Germany), a heavy water factory and a hydro-electric power facility were bombed by American bombers.
1944: The Allied forces launched the thrust to the Rur during WWII. The operation was known as Operation Queen and it was quite a costly one for the Allied forces. Germany eventually won during this operation despite taking some heavy losses.
1944: During WWII, Allied bombers destroyed Düren in Germany.
1945: UNESCO was founded on this day.
1974: Arecibo Radio Telescope located in Puerto Rico broadcast the Arecibo Message. It was aimed for Messier 13’s current location. Messier 13 is a globular cluster that sits at a distance of 25,000 light years. When the message reaches its target location, it will eventually land in empty space because the Messier 13 will have changed its location by the time the message reaches.