The historical events listed here in this article titled Today in History – November 10 – India and World will give you the highlights of the most important historical events in history of humans. These events will help you understand your past and will help you devise your future in a way that is better than what our forefathers had. Also, this article is a source of information that can be used as study material for the preparation of Civil Services examination. So, let us begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – November 10
Today in History – November 10: “India”
1659: Afzal Khan – commander of Adil Shahi Dynasty – was killed on this day by Chattrapati Shivaji. However, the date (10th November) was according to Julian Calendar.
1698: Calcutta was purchased by East India Company. Back then, Calcutta (now Kolkata) was only a village.
1848: Surendranath Banerjee was born on this day. He born in a place called Taltala in Calcutta. In 1869 he passed the ICS examination and later became President of Indian National Congress – once in 1895 and second time in 1902. He is known as ‘Rashtraguru’.
1901: The North-West Frontier Province that was created out of Punjab on November 9, 1901 was formally inaugurated on the next day – 10th November, 1901.
1990: On this day, Chandra Shekhar Singh sworn in as India’s 8th Prime Minister.
Today in History – November 10: “World”
1202: During the Fourth Crusade, Catholic crusaders started Siege of Zara (currently Zadar and located in Croatia). The siege started even after Pope Innocent III forbade the crusaders and threatened them with excommunication.
1293: Raden Wijaya became Java’s Majapahit Kingdom’s first monarch. He assumed the throne name of Kertarajasa Jayawardhana.
1444: During Battle of Varna, Poland’s King Wladyslaw III’s crusading forces tasted a defeat at the hands of Turks commanded by Sultan Murad II. Wladyslaw was killed in the battle.
1580: At Ireland’s Dún an Óir, after a 3-day siege, the English army beheaded nearly 600 people that included both Papal soldiers and civilians.
1775: Samuel Nicholas founded United States Marine Corps in Philadelphia’s Tun Tavern.
1898: Wilmington Insurrection started. It was the only instance in history of United States where a municipal government was overthrown.
1940: Romania hit by 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. About 1,000 people died and 4,000 plus were injured in the earthquake.
1942: During WWII, Vichy France was invaded by Germany after French Admiral François Darlan agreed to an armistice with Allies.
1945: After WWII, returning colonialists (Dutch and British troops) had to face heavy fighting against Indonesian nationals in Surabaya. The day became known as Heroes’ Day in Indonesia.
1958: Harry Winston – a diamond merchant of New York – donated the Hope Diamond to Smithsonian Institution.
1983: Windows 1.0 was introduced by Bill Gates.
1989: German citizens started tearing down the infamous Berlin Wall.