This article titled Today in History – January 31 – India and World is all about providing historical events that took place on this very day in both India and World. There is no intention of providing detailed account of the events as that is beyond the scope of this article. This particular article is designed for those students who are appearing for competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC etc. While those exams focus mainly on Indian history, they also cover world history at times. So, the information here is provided in segregated fashion. Let us see what happened on this very day in History.
What Happened On This Day in History – January 31
Today in History – January 31: “India”
1865: Birth of Shastriji Maharaj, spiritual leader and founder of Bochasanwasi Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha.
1896: Birth of Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre, famous Kannada poet.
1963: India declared peacock as the national bird.
1985: Government of India passed Anti-defection law or 52nd Constitutional amendment.
1992: SEBI was given statutory rights.
1996: First sports university in Asia was inaugurated in Pune, Maharashtra.
1997: Aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was decommissioned.
2012: For the first time, Sania Mirza ranked in Top 10 of Global Doubles.
2015: Agni 5, an indigenously developed intercontinental ballistic missile, was successfully test fired.
Today in History – January 31: “World”
1504: Italian War ended with Treaty of Lyon. France got northern Italy and Spain got Kingdom of Naples.
1578: Battle of Gembloux started on this day.
1747: First clinic for STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) was opened at London Lock Hospital.
1865: During the American Civil War, Congress of US passed the Thirteenth Amendment of US Constitution. It abolished slavery.
1865: During the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee, Confederate general became the general-in-chief.
1915: During World War I, Germany became the first country to use poison gas against Russia in the Battle of Bolimów.
1917: During World War I, Germany declared that its u-boats would restart submarine warfare after giving a two year gap.
1942: During WWII, Japanese forces defeated Allied forces in the Battle of Malaya and the Allied forces retreated back to Singapore.
1943: During WWII, Friedrich Paulus, German Field Marshal, surrendered to the Soviet Union forces at Stalingrad.
1944: During WWII, American army landed on Kwajalein island and few islands in Marshall Islands which were under the control of Japanese forces
1949: First daytime television soap, These Are My Children, was broadcast in Chicago at the NBC station.
1968: Nauru became independent. It was under the control of Australia before gaining independence.