Today in History – January 17 – India and World is an article that has been created by keeping aspirants of civil services in mind. The chronologically arranged historical events that took place on this very day in both India and rest of the world allows people to quickly recall their history lessons. This article is not meant to be a replacement of study material for UPSC exams but rather works as a supplement for the same. So, let us find out what happened on this day in history…
What Happened On This Day in History – January 17
Today in History – January 17: “India”
1905: Dattathreya Ramchandra Kaprekar – Indian recreational mathematician was born on this day. He discovered the Kaprekar constant.
1917: Tamil Nadu’s former Chief Minister – M. G. Ramachandran was born.
1941: In early hours of this day, Subhas Chandra Bose escaped from his residence in Calcutta. At that time, he was under house arrest. He went to Berlin via the route of Afghanistan.
1981: Mizoram was granted full statehood.
2010: Jyoti Basu – former Chief Minister of West Bengal for 23 years and a veteran communist leader died on this day.
Today in History – January 17: “World”
1595: During French Wars of Religion, war was declared on Spain by France’s Henry IV.
1648: Vote of No Addresses was passed by Long Parliament of England. This broke off all the negotiations that were taking place with King Charles I. As a result of this, the scene for English Civil War’s second phase was set.
1773: The first expedition for sailing to Antarctic Circle’s south was commanded by Captain James Cook.
1811: During the Mexican War Independence, the Battle of Calderón Bridge took place. In the battle, around 100,000 Mexican revolutionaries were defeated by just 6,000 Spanish forces.
1917: USD 25 million was paid to Denmark by US for getting Virgin Islands.
1918: During the Finnish Civil War, the White Guards and the Red Guards were engaged in a first serious battle on this day.
1944: During WWII, the first of 4 assaults on Monte Cassino was launched by the Allied forces. The aim of the assault was to seize Rome by breaking through Winter Line. The Allied forces eventually succeeded but at the cost of lives of 105,000 soldiers.
1946: The first session of UN Security Council was held on this day.
1991: Operation Desert Storm was started during Gulf War. The operation started early in the morning. 8 Scud missiles were fired by Iraq into Israel. The purpose was to provoke a retaliation by Israel.
2007: Responding to nuclear testing by North Korea, Doomsday Clock was set to 5 minutes to Midnight.