Today in History – December 9 – India and World aims at providing study material for civil services and other competitive examination aspirants of India. History is one of the most important subjects in such examinations and questions on important historical events are quite abound. In this article, we will take a look at the most important historical events that took place in both Indian history and world history on this very day. So, let us begin.
What Happened On This Day in History – December 9
Today in History – December 9: “India”
1825: Hero of 1857 Revolt – Rao Tula Ram was born on this day in Haryana. He was one of the most famous freedom fighters of India.
1913: Homai Vyarawalla – the first female photo journalist of India was born on this day.
1918: E K Nayanar – Kerala’s longest serving Chief Minister and a veteran leader of the Communist party – was born on this day.
1942: Physician of international repute – Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis – died on this day in China. He is revered by Chinese people for his services during Second Sino-Japanese War.
1946: Constituent Assembly’s first meeting was held on this Day. The primary mandate of the meeting was drafting the Constitution of India.
1971: An airdrop for army units of India was executed by Indian Air Force by bypassing the defences of Pakistan during the Indo-Pak work.
Today in History – December 9: “World”
536: During the Gothic War, Belisarius – general of Byzantine forces entered into Rome without facing any opposition. The Gothic garrison that was stationed at the capital, fled.
1775: During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Great Bridge was lost by the British troops who soon afterwards, left Virginia.
1835: The Texian Army during Texas Revolution, captured San Antonio in Texas.
1861: During the American Civil War, the U.S. Congress established the Joint Committee on the Conduct of War.
1905: A law was passed in France which separated the Church and the State.
1917: During World War I, Jerusalem in Palestine was captured by Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby of British Army.
1937: The Battle of Nanking started during Second Sino-Japanese War when Japanese forces launched an attack on Nanjing (now known as Nanking) of China.
1940: During WWII, the Operation Compass started when the Indian and British troops commanded by Major-General Richard O’Connor attacked the forces of Italy near Egypt’s Sidi Barrani. Italian forces were defeated.
1946: Subsequent Nuremberg Trials started with what is known as Doctors’ Trial in which officers and physicians who were involved in human experiments of Nazis as well as mass murder in guise of euthanasia, were prosecuted.
1950: During Cold War, Harry Gold receives 30 years of jail sentence. He was accused of helping Klaus Fuchs to pass on the information about Manhattan Project to Soviet Union. Later, Gold provided a testimony that was used for prosecution of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
1965: Kecksburg UFO incident took place where residents of Michigan, Pennsylvania witnessed a fireball and saw something crashing in the woods close to Pittsburgh.
1979: Smallpox virus eradication certified. With this, smallpox became the only human disease to be driven to extinction till date.
1992: In Somalia, American troops landed for the Operation Restore Hope.