This article titled Today in History – December 7 – India and World is all about summing up the most important historical events that took place in history on this very day. This article doesn’t provide in-detail analysis of a particular event. The sole purpose of creating the article is to provide the necessary study material for those who are aspiring for UPSC or similar competitive examinations where history is an important subject. So, without wasting further time, let us begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 7
Today in History – December 7: “India”
1782: Hyder Ali – ruler of Kingdom of Mysore – died on this day in a camp near Chittur. He died of a cancerous growth on his back.
1826: The first steamship called ‘Enterprise’ arrived at Calcutta (now Kolkata) on this very day. It traveled for 113 days from Falmouth, England.
1856: The first Hindu widow remarriage took place on this day. The widow who was remarried was Kalimati – a 10-year old girl – daughter of Lachmani Devi and Brahmananda Mukherjee. The person who married her was Srichandra Vidyaratna Bhattacharya.
1949: Armed Forces Flag Day was observed for the first time in India on this very day. Ever since then, it has become an annual affair.
1992: The nation was plagued by communal riots following the demolition of Babri Masjid the previous day by Hindu nationalists. 800 plus people died in clashes between Hindus and Muslims and the chaos had a spillover effect in neighboring Pakistan and Bangladesh as well.
Today in History – December 7: “World”
1703: The greatest ever recorded windstorm, known as the Great Storm of 1703 – made its landfall Great Britain’s southern part. 9,000 people died because of the storm that had wind speed of 120 miles per hour.
1787: Delaware earns the title of being the first US state to ratify Constitution of United States.
1904: Between HMS Peterel and HMS Spiteful, a comparative fuel trial started on this day. HMS Spiteful was the first British warship that made use of only and only fuel oil. At the end of the trial, coal usage in ships was made obsolete completely in Royal Navy.
1917: During World War I, war was declared on Austria-Hungary by United States.
1922: The Parliament of Northern Ireland voted in favor of staying with United Kingdom as its part instead of unifying with Southern Ireland.
1941: During World War II, Imperial Japanese Navy made a surprise attack on the Pacific Fleet of United States and the defending Marine Air forces and Army at Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor. This attack was the reason why United States entered into World War II.
1972: Apollo Moon Mission – Apollo 17 – was launched on this day. The crew of the mission took images of the Earth which became known as the Blue Marble.
1982: In United States, the first person to be executed by lethal injection was Charles Brooks Jr. He was executed in Texas.
1995: Six years after it was launched using Atlantis Space Shuttle, Galileo Spacecraft reached Jupiter.