This article titled Today in History – December 5 – India and World has been designed particularly for those people who are aspiring for civil services examination. This article brings to you handpicked information on most important historical events that took place in history on this very day. Of course, it is all about summing up the events only and hence, no in depth description of the events will be presented. In case you need the events in details, you can always Google the events.
What Happened On This Day in History – December 5
Today in History – December 5: “India”
1658: On December 5, 1657, youngest son of Shah Jahan – the Mughal Emperor – proclaimed himself from Gujarat as Emperor of India.
1905: Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah was born on this day. He was the 2nd Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir after the state’s accession to India. Later when the position of Prime Minister was replaced by Chief Minister, he became the 4th Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
1943: Japanese planes conducted the only daylight air raid on Calcutta (now Kolkata) on this day.
1950: Sri Aurobindo – a nationalist, a poet, a guru, a yogi and a philosopher – died on this day. He was one of the most influential leaders of Indian independence movement before he turned into a spiritual reformer.
1951: One of the most prominent artists of India – Abanindranath Tagore – died on this day.
2016: One of the most corrupt politicians in history of India and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu – J. Jayalalithaa – died on this day.
Today in History – December 5: “World”
1848: The then President James K. Polk gave a message to US Congress confirming the discovery of large amounts of gold in California. This happened during California Gold Rush that lasted from 1848 to 1855.
1932: Albert Einstein was granted US Visa.
1936: A new constitution was adopted by Soviet Union upon which, Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established as full Union Republic of the USSR.
1941: War was declared on Romania, Hungary and Finland by Great Britain during WWII.
1943: Under Operation Crossbow during WWII, Allied forces started attacking the bases of secret weapons of Germany.
1952: The Great Smog of London started on this day and lasted till 9th of December. It was a cold fog mixed with air pollution. It was responsible for killing nearly 12,000 people within weeks and months that followed. The event is also known as Big Smoke.
1958: Queen Elizabeth II of England inaugurated the STD or Subscriber Trunk Dialing. She made a call from Bristol to Edinburgh to talk with Lord Provost.
1983: In Argentina, Military Junta was formally dissolved.