Today in History – December 4 – India and World is an article that has been designed specifically for civil services examinations. The information on historical events provided here come in prepackaged format to help students comb through the most important historical events that took place in the past in the whole world including India. To improve efficiency, we have divided the article into sections for India and rest of the world separately, thereby ensuring that those who want information on Indian historical events can get it quickly. So, let us begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 4
Today in History – December 4: “India”
1829: Sati system was abolished in India by Viceroy Lord William Bentinck. It was a system where Hindu widows used to burn themselves on the pyre of their husbands.
1888: Famous historian – Ramesh Chandra Majumdar – was born on this day. He was renowned for his in-depth knowledge of both ancient and modern Indian history.
1910: Former President Ramaswami Venkataraman was born on this day.
1919: Inder Kumar Gujral – former Prime Minister of India – was born on this day in Jhelum (now in present day Pakistan).
1924: In Bombay (now Mumbai) – the Gateway of India was inaugurated.
1959: Nepal and India signed the Power Project and Gandak Irrigation agreement.
1971: After a preemptive attack on India by Pakistan on 3rd December, Indian Navy launched an attack on Pakistan Navy. Indian Navy also attacked Karachi.
Today in History – December 4: “World”
1676: Battle of Lund is fought in which Danish army and Swedish army faced each other. The battle ended with Swedish victory.
1791: ‘The Observer’ – the first Sunday newspaper of world – published the first edition.
1872: Mary Celeste – the crewless American ship – was found by Dei Gratia – the Canadian ship. Mary Celeste was only slightly damaged and yet it was completely abandoned for 9 days.
1875: Boss Tweed – the notorious politician from New York City – escaped from prison only to be recaptured once again in Spain.
1881: Los Angeles Times published its first edition.
1893: During the first Matabele War, a patrol unit of 34 British South Africa Company was ambushed by over 3,000 Matable warriors. The patrol unit was totally annihilated. The incident took place on Shangani River of Matabeleland.
1939: During WWII, HMS Nelson was struck by a mine that was laid down by U-31. It went in for repair till August 1940.
1942: During WWII, Carlson’s Patrol that started during Guadalcanal Campaign, came to an end.
1967: During Vietnam War, forces of South Vietnam and USA engaged Viet Cong troops in Mekong Delta.
1982: The current constitution of China was adopted on this day.
1984: During Sri Lankan Civil War, 107 to 150 civilians were killed by Sri Lankan Army.
1998: The second module of International Space Station – the Unity Module – was launched on this day.