Despite the fact that most of us tend to hate history, it actually enlightens us in a myriad ways. It gives us knowledge and teaches us some valuable lessons. On the mundane side, remembering those dates and events are nothing short of third degree torture. But, memorizing those events and dates is important because of at least one reason – ‘exams’. This particular article titled Today in History – December 11 – India and World has been created with one specific type of exams in mind – competitive exams. Competitive exams like banking exams and UPSC exams held in India usually ask questions on historical events and dates. So, this article in particular will serve such job aspirants with their exam preparations. Let’s get started.
What Happened On This Day in History – December 11
Today in History – December 11: “India”
1687: Madras became the first presidency that was chartered on this very day. It was chartered for a Municipal Corporation with a Mayor’s Court.
1783: Peshwa Raghoba Dada – Peshwa of Maratha Empire – died on this day.
1845: The first ever Anglo-Sikh War started on this day.
1882: Subramanya Bharathi – one of the greatest known Tamil poets of all time – was born on this day in Ettayapuram town that is present in today’s Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu.
1935: Pranab Mukherjee – former President of India – was born on this day.
1946: Rajendra Prasad was elected as Chairman of Constituent Assembly on this day. The assembly started its first session two days earlier on December 9.
1969: Vishwanathan Ananda – chess Grandmaster of India – was born on this day.
2004: M. S. Subbulakshmi – one of the most eminent Carnatic musicians of India – died on this day.
2012: Pandit Ravi Shankar – world-famous sitar maestro and musician – died on this day.
Today in History – December 11: “World”
1792: During French Revolution, the National Convention put Louis XVI – King of France – on trial for treason.
1816: Indiana became United State’s 19th state.
1868: During the Paraguayan War, the Battle of Avay was fought in which Paraguayan army was defeated by Brazilian troops.
1899: During the Second Boer War, the Boer forces defeated the British Empire forces at Battle of Magersfontein. The British were trying to relieve the Siege of Kimberley.
1905: The Shuliavka Republic was established after a Workers’ Uprising took place in Ukraine’s Kiev. At that time, Ukraine was part of Russian Empire.
1917: During World War I, Edmund Allenby – British General – entered into Jerusalem on foot and declared martial law.
1934: Alcoholics Anonymous’ co-founder Bil Wilson took his last drink on this day and entered into treatment for last time.
1937: During the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, Italy quits being a member of the League of Nations.
1941: War was declared on United States by Italy and Germany during WWII. This happened after America declared war on Empire of Japan, which in turn was caused by Japanese attack on American fleet at Pearl Harbor.
1941: During WWII, war was declared on Empire of Japan by Poland.
1941: The Imperial Japanese Navy suffered its first loss of surface vessels during WWII at the Battle of Wake Island. The battle ended in Japanese victory but Japan was inflicted with heavy losses.
1962: In Canada, the last person to be executed was Arthur Lucas. He was convicted of murder.
1972: Apollo 17 became 6th and the final Apollo mission that landed on Moon.
2001: People’s Republic of China joined the WTO or World Trade Organization.