Here is today’s dose of historical events. On this day, a number of significant events took place in both India and world. In this article titled Today in History – October 31 – India and World, we will take a quick look into the date wise events of historical importance. In case you are appearing for some competitive examination, this segment will be very helpful in your preparation.
What Happened On This Day in History – October 31
Today in History – October 31: “India”
1875: The Iron Man of India – Sardar Vallabhbhai Zaveribhai Patel was born on this very day. His exact birthplace was Nadiad in Gujrat. He became India’s first Deputy Prime Minister. Sardar Patel’s father fought against British forces as a soldier in the army of Rani Laxmi Bai or Rani of Jhansi.
1876: Bengal was hit by a cyclone. The exact location was Backerganj, which is presently in Bangladesh. The cyclone is known as Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876. Nearly 200,000 people died because of the cyclone.
1962: Krishnan Menon resigned from the post of Defence Minister on wake of Indo-China War of 1962.
1984: Indira Gandhi (the then Prime Minister of India) was shot dead by two of her body guards.
Today in History – October 31: “World”
475: Romulus Augustulus was made Emperor of Weatern Roman Empire.
683: Kaaba caught fire and burned down during Siege of Mecca.
1882: An attempt to dissolve Mexican Empire’s Congress was made by Emperor Agustín de Iturbide.
1863: When British forces stationed in New Zealand started Invasion of Waikato under the command of General Duncan Cameron, the Maori Wars resumed.
1917: In Battle of Beersheba during World War I, the last successful cavalary charge in human history took place.
1918: The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 was terminated by Aster Revolution during World War I. Full sovereignty was achieved by Hungary after that.
1922: Benito Mussolini became Italian Prime Minister.
1923: It was the first day of 160 consecutive days of 100 degree Fahrenheit temperature recorded in Western Australia’s Marble Bar.
1938: During the Great Depression, at attempt was made by New York Stock Exchange for restoring investor confidence. The Exchange announced a 15-point program for upgrading public investment protection.
1941: German U-boat destroyed and sank USS Reuben James with a torpedo. 100 soldiers were killed during WWII.
1940: The Battle of Britain comes to an end during WWII. A possible German invasion was avoided by Britain.
1956: During Suez Crisis, Egypt was bombed by France and England for reopening Suez Cannal.
1961: Body of Joseph Stalin was removed from tomb of Vladimir Lenin.