When we say Ice Bear facts, we mean polar bear facts! Do you remember the various names used for polar bears? In case you do not remember, you can check them out here (point #6). Well, in our last article on polar bear facts, we learned about their physical characteristics, their appearance and their behavioral traits. In this article on facts about the Lords of the Arctic, we are going to cover their habitat, their dietary habits and their reproduction habits. So, let us begin…
Ice Bear Facts: 1-5 | Habitat of Polar Bears
1. Ice bears or polar bears or white bears are known to be marine mammals. The reason why they are called marine mammals is that they spend several months of their time in a year in the sea.
2. While this ‘marine mammal’ thing may be a bit difficult to digest, here is another stunner. They are the only known marine mammals that have large and powerful feet and limbs enabling them to not just walk on land but also run!
3. While the polar bears are usually distributed throughout the arctic, their most preferred habitat is the annual sea ice that is known for covering the water sitting atop the continental shelf as well as inter-island archipelagos.
4. The most preferred area of habitat of the Lords of the Arctic is known by the name ‘Arctic Ring of Life’. It is so called because of high biological diversity and productivity in those particular areas compared to high arctic sea.
5. Polar bears prefer seals as food over other animals. It is because of this, these white bears are known for frequenting those areas where ice sheets meet the water as that’s where most seals are found. Because of this, polar bears are not found much in Polar Basin close to North Pole but are rather found in polar ice pack’s perimeter.
Ice Bear Facts: 6-10 | Polar Bear Range
6. Polar bears have a home range that is way bigger than any known bear species. There are two factors that determine the range of polar bears. First, the quality of the habitat and second, the availability of seals – their favorite prey.
7. Because the habitat keeps changing with seasonal variations, their range also keeps on changing with the same. It should be noted that during summer months, the sea ice melts and hence, reducing their range while in winters, the expansion of the sea ice increases their range. This explains why polar bears usually do not territories.
8. If polar bears live in areas where availability of seals is less, they can travel to great distances to find their food. They can travel up to 1,000 kilometers. In general however, studies show that these white bears usually keep their home range within a few hundred miles.
9. One of the longest range ever traced was that of a female polar bear that was satellite-tracked. She traveled a total of 4,796 kilometers starting from Prudhoe Bay of Alaska to Greenland to Ellesmere Island in Canada and then back to Greenland.
10. According Polar Bears International, 60% of all known polar bears usually live in Canada but in general they are distributed in several countries that ring the whole Arctic Circle. These countries include Canada, Russia, US (Alaska), Norway and Greenland.