The mysterious Egyptian culture that has inspired several movie flicks was so ancient that even the ancients Greeks and ancients Romans called the Egyptian culture as ancient. This super-ancient culture has been divided into a number of periods that span over several thousand years. We will be creating a series of articles over the next few days that will try to cover the different periods of this great ancient culture. This article in particular will deal with the period from where it all began. Historians call this period the Predynastic Egypt or the Predynastic Period that lasted for nearly 3000 years before the proper Egyptian culture came to existence.
However, before we start we will like to sum up the different periods that are usually used by historians for easy reference. Here are the different periods:
Predynastic Period: c. 6000 BCE to c. 3100 BCE
Early Dynastic Period: c. 3100 BCE to c. 2686 BCE.
Old Kingdom Period: c. 2686 BCE to c. 2181 BCE.
First Intermediate Period: c. 2181 BCE to c. 2055 BCE.
Middle Kingdom Period: c. 2055 BCE to c. 1650 BCE.
Second Intermediate Period: c. 1650 BCE to c. 1550 BCE.
New Kingdom Period: c. 1550 BCE to c. 1069 BCE.
Third Intermediate Period: c. 1069 BCE to c. 664 BCE.
The Late Period: c. 664 BCE to c. 332 BCE.
These different periods show how ancient Egypt rose from rags to riches and then glided back into dust. In this article and the articles that follow, we will travel through time and learn a few interesting facts about ancient Egypt and its culture. So, let us begin with 50 interesting Predynastic Egypt facts and find out how it all started.
Interesting Predynastic Egypt Facts: 1-10
1. The Predynastic Egypt started some 400 years into late Neolithic Period aka Neolithic 3 or Pottery Neolithic. Put in other words, the Predynastic Egypt started in c. 6000 BCE (late Neolithic started in c. 6400 BCE).
2. It is during that time that Neolithic settlements began in Lower Egypt. Such settlements around the Nile was a result of increased desert expansion, which forced the ancestors of those early Egyptians to give up migratory lifestyle and opt for somewhat sedentary lifestyle.
3. These early settlers became known as the Faiyum A Culture and were responsible for bringing in agriculture. The people of this culture also engaged in weaving.
4. The people of this culture selected areas close to their settlement or at times areas inside their own settlement area to bury the dead people.
5. The Faiyum A Culture continued from c. 6000 BCE to c. 5000 BCE. That’s when the next culture known as the Merimde Culture began in Lower Egypt.
6. The Merimde Culture continued from c. 5000 BCE to c. 4100 BCE. Unfortunately, the only archeological evidence for this culture comes from a large settlement site that was dug up on Western Delta’s edge.
7. Evidences of strong connections of Merimde Culture with the Levant and the Faiyum A Culture have been found.
8. People of the Merimde Culture were engaged in agriculture and planted barley, sorghum and wheat. They also kept pigs, goats, sheep and cattle.
9. As far as tools were concerned, these people made use of stone tools and they also produced simple pottery which were completely undecorated and plain.
10. They built small huts for living. These people never buried their dead people outside their settlement areas.