Red Terror Facts: 31-35
31. The Cheka would also tie up people in streets during harsh winters and then pour water on them until they turned into living statues of ice.
32. One of the commonest formats of execution used by Cheka forces was to round up people in prison cellars, courtyard and sometimes town outskirts where they would be totally stripped of all their belongings and even clothes and then shot with machine guns or pistols.
33. Prison cellars were filled up with dead bodies and blood of the corpses. As soon as a prisoner entered a cellar, a shot would be fired on his or her back or neck.
34. It was a very common practice among Cheka forces to capture husbands and when the wives return, they could purchase back their husbands. Only, the price was to give their own bodies to the Cheka forces.
35. Nuns, priests, monks and political opponents were murdered brutally. They were either scalped or thrown into cauldrons full of boiling tar or they would be strangled.
Red Terror Facts: 36-40
36. The religious suppression was taken to new heights where molten lead was used to give Communion. The ceremony was completed by drowning those poor people into holes in the ice.
37. In 1918, the Bolshevik government introduced “grain quotas”. According to the decree, peasants were not allowed to have more grains that exceeded the provided quota. Those who had excess were to give the surplus amount to the government without taking a single dime against it.
38. Those peasants who didn’t follow the decree were termed as ‘kulak’ and ‘enemy of the people’. Those peasants were taken as prisoners and all their wealth and property were stripped off. The kulaks were sentenced to jail imprisonment but were actually murdered.
39. Karl Lander – a Chekist said during that during Red Terror, Kislovodsk (a spa city in Russia) Cheka killed each and every single patient in a hospital simply because they lacked a better idea.
40. The Bolsheviks justified the Red Terror as ‘class struggle’ and said that they were destroying an evil society to create a better one that would eventually replace the unjust one.
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- Robert C. Tucker, ed., The Lenin Anthology (New York & London: Norton, 1975).
- Donald J. Raleigh, Experiencing Russia’s Civil War: Politics, Society, and Revolutionary Culture in Saratov, 1917-1922 (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2002).
- Diane Koenker and William Rosenberg, Strikes and Revolution in Russia, 1917 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).
S. P. Melgunov, The Red Terror in Russia (Westport, Conn.: Hyperion, 1975).
- Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution 1917-1932 (Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).
- Stéphane Courtois et al , The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, translated by Jonathan Murphy and Mark Kramer (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999).
- Richard Pipes, A Concise History of the Russian Revolution (New York: Knopf, 1995).
- George Leggett, The Cheka, Lenin’s Political Police: The All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage (December 1917 to February 1922) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981).
- John Reed, Ten Days That Shook the World (New York: International, 1934).
- Orlando Figes, A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution: 1891-1924 (New York: Penguin, 1996).
- Lennard D. Gerson, The Secret Police in Lenin’s Russia (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1976).
- Vladimir N. Brovkin, Behind the Front Lines of the Civil War: Political Parties and Social Movements in Russia, 1918-1922 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).