Kidneys – how important are they? They are very important! As a matter of fact, they are the fundamental organs of human body. Take them out and no human can survive. They are extremely complex in mechanism and they have two primary functions – (a) blood purification and (b) waste elimination. So, let us not waste any more time and take a look at 35 interesting facts about human kidneys.
Facts About Human Kidneys: 1-5
2. Kidneys measure around 4.5 inches in length.
3. Kidneys are no bigger than a standard computer mouse or a cell phone.
4. Each individual kidney weighs around 4-6 ounces.
5. In case of new born human babies, the kidney to body weight ratio is 3 times the kidney to body weight ratio in adults.
Facts About Human Kidneys: 6-10
6. In case of adults, kidneys form only 0.5% of the entire body weight.
7. Exactly half of one single kidney is capable of doing the job that is performed by two kidneys together.
8. Each individual kidney consists of at least 1 million and up to 2 million nephrons. Nephrons are nothing but very tiny filters that are capable of filtering blood and eliminating the waste materials.
9. In a single hour, kidneys receive around 120 pints of blood.
10. Though the kidneys weigh on 0.5% of the entire body weight, they actually receive more arterial blood compared to other organs in body. Almost 25% of the blood pumped by the heart goes to the kidneys.