After Yellow Sea facts, it is time for Yellow River facts. Yes, there is an yellow river too!. The Yellow River and the Yellow Sea are closely related because the river drains into the sea and is party responsible for the golden yellow color of the sea. Let us take a look at 30 facts about Yellow River and find out a few interesting things about it.
Before we start with our list, let us take a quick look at some facts in a tabular format.
– River of Sorrow
– China’s Sorrow
– Sorrow of China
– Scourge of the Han People
|Passes through 9 provinces|
– Inner Mongolia
|Left tributaries||Fen River along with several other small rivers|
|Right tributaries||Wei River and Tao River along with several other small rivers|
|Source of the river||Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai’s Yushu Prefecture|
|Drains into||Bohai Sea – innermost bay of Yellow Sea|
|Length of the river||3,395 miles or 5,464 kilometers|
|River basin or drainage area||290,560 sq. mi. or 752,546 sq. km.|
– Min: 1,030 cubic meters per second
– Average: 2,571 cubic meters per second
– Maximum: 49,000 cubic meters per second
Yellow River Facts: 1-5 | Length, Location, China’s Sorrow
1. [highlight]How long is Yellow River?[/highlight] It is approximately 5,464 kilometers long and is China’s second longest river. In world, it is the 6th longest river.
2. [highlight]Where is Yellow River located?[/highlight] The Yellow River is in China and flows through 9 provinces to eventually drain in Yellow Sea (more specifically in Bohai Sea).
3. [highlight]Why is Yellow River called China’s Sorrow?[/highlight] This is going to get pretty interesting. So, buckle up! The Yellow River is known by several similar names like [highlight]‘China’s Sorrow’, ‘The Sorrow’, ‘The Sorrow of China’, ‘River of Sorrow’, ‘Scourge of the Han People’[/highlight] and more.
4. The reason behind such names is its tendency of frequently creating devastating floods. Some of the floods it causes are so devastating that they kill millions of people. Here is a quick list of some of the most devastating floods it caused (not counting the other floods that killed many more):
|Year of Flooding||Number of People Killed|
|1887||Between 900,000 and 2,000,000|
|1931||Between 1,000,000 and 4,000,000|
5. The table above lists only three floods. However, here is one of the most interesting Yellow River facts: Chinese people started keeping records of the river starting 602 BCE. Between 595 BCE and 1946 CE, the river has flooded a whopping 1,593 times!
Yellow River Facts: 6-10 | China’s Sorrow, Reason for Floods and Course Change
6. What makes it so extremely devastating is that the river actually changes course. Since recorded times, the river as made 9 severe course changes and 26 noticeable course changes. No wonder, it keeps killing people and is called China’s Sorrow.
7. Now the question – [highlight]why does the Yellow River flood so much?[/highlight] Now this is also interesting. The Yellow River is known for collecting enormous amounts of loess (a type of fine-grained sediment) from the Loess Plateau.
8. This sediment that the river collects gradually gets deposited in river bed, creating slow-accumulating subaqueous natural dam that remains undetectable and unpredictable. There are a few things that happen here.
9. First thing that happens is that the river bed rises slowly because of the vast amounts sediment deposit. This eventually leads to a situation where the water overflows and floods the surrounding regions, which stays low compared to the risen river bed.
10. When the water flows out across North China plains, its carves out new routes to reach the sea, and in the process, destroy everything that falls in its way. From towns to cities to farmlands – the water from the river just destroys anything that comes across its path. However, if there is some resistance in between, the river will then take the path of least resistance. This means that when a new course is etched, it is very difficult to know exactly which way it will flow.