One of the most famous battles fought during the ancient times was the Battle of Marathon. It can be rightly called a decisive battle that shaped the development of modern European Culture through the defeat of the invading Persian Army. Who fought against the Persians? What really happened during the battle? There are many questions like these. Let us study 30 interesting facts about battle of Marathon and in the process, find the answers to those questions.
Interesting Facts About Battle of Marathon: 1-10
1. The Battle of Marathon was the first invasion on Greece by the then mighty Persian Empire. The battle took place in 490 B.C.
2. Persia invaded Greece because two Greek cities – Eretria and Athens aided Ionia (a city under Persian Empire) during the famous Ionian revolt. It was actually a revolt attempted by Ionia to overthrow the Persian Empire.
3. Eretria and Athens did succeed initially and managed to burn and destroy Sardis but the Persian army eventually managed to suppress the revolt and Eretria and Athens had to retreat after suffering immense losses.
4. King Darius I of Persia swore to take revenge on those two Greek cities and even commissioned one of his servants to remind him thrice every day before dinner about the pending revenge.
5. Ionian Revolt was suppressed at Battle of Lade in 494 B.C. after which Darius I started plans to invade and subjugate Greece and eventually launching an invasion in 490 B.C.
6. He mobilized a naval task force across Aegean Sea under the command of Artaphernes and Datis in order to subjugate a Greek island group known as Cyclades.
7. By mid-summer, the Persian naval force managed to capture several small islands eventually to reach the largest island known as Euboea and proceeded further to capture Eretria.
8. The Persian navy sailed to Attica and landed on a bay located near the Marathon town.
9. Around 1,000 soldiers from Plataea and somewhere between 9,000 and 10,000 soldiers from Athens joined together and marched down to Marathon (26 miles from Athens) and blocked two exit points from the Marathon plain, cutting off the inland march of Persian army.
10. The Persian force on the other had consisted of 25,000 infantry and cavalry and the Greeks were not well-equipped to deal with Persian cavalry.