Mental disorders are far more difficult to treat. They create problems not only for the person suffering but also for the family dealing with the person affected. These are enigmatic disorders as they are difficult to understand and treat. One such disorder is the OCD. In this article on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder facts we are going to learn a few things listed below:
- What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? (Facts 1-3)
- What happens in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? (Facts 4-8)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder physical symptoms (Facts 9-10)
- What are the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder categories (Fact 11)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder causes (Facts 13-19)
- When do Obsessive Compulsive Disorder symptoms show up? (Facts 20-21)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder treatment (Facts 22-25)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Facts: 1-5
1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or generally called as OCD is a type of Neurosis. Well, what is Neurosis? American Psychological Association (APA) defines Neurosis as, “ Mental disorders in which a person does not have signs of brain abnormalities and does not display grossly irrational thinking or violate basic norms but does experience subjective distress.”
2. In simple words, Neurosis are those disorders which causes anxiety, stress but the person having Neurosis doesn’t have any major impairment in brain. This form of disorder can be cured completely and doesn’t even require hospitalization in most of the cases.
3. Is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder a mental disorder? Yes! APA defines OCD as, “A mental disorder characterized by obsessions such as recurrent thoughts, images, or impulses that recur or persist despite efforts to suppress them and compulsions such as repetitive, purposeful acts performed according to certain rules or in a ritualized manner.”
4. The person suffering from OCD will behave as if he is compelled to do things in an order and that too repeatedly. It is not that they do it willingly but they do face a lot of anxiety and stress if they don’t follow the order in which they usually do things.
5. The person is fully aware of his behavior but he can’t stop himself from following a pattern and doing things repeatedly. Obsessions and Compulsions are seen in this disorder.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Facts: 6-10
6. Obsessions include things like mental images, urges and repeated thoughts which lead to anxiety. Compulsions are the actions which are repeated over and over again to decrease the anxiety caused by the Obsessions.
7. Some of the obsessive thoughts include being scared of contamination, thoughts related to sex, religion which are considered illicit in that person’s culture, thoughts which are aggressive, an exaggerated need for perfection.
8. Some of the compulsive actions are cleaning hands repeatedly, keeping things in order, counting, praying excessively due to religious fear, etc. Remember Lady Macbeth? After murdering the King, she gets into a habit of washing her hands again and again. It can be seen that she is trying to wash off her sin by washing her hands.
9. Some people also show “tics” which are uncontrollable muscle movements or vocalizations. Some of the motor and vocal tics are shrugging shoulders, wincing face, clearing your throat, sniffing etc. It must be kept in mind that even tics are repeated.
10. Apart from these, there are other symptoms. The person who has OCD generally has feelings of sadness, guilt, anger, shame etc. Stomach aches, anxiety, increase in heart beat, breathing issues, headaches, giddiness, etc., are also seen.