A wonder of nature, the Dead Sea is also sometimes known by the name Salt Sea. On its west is Israel and Palestine and on its east is Jordan. There is a funny joke about this water body. It goes something like this: A boy once went to school where he was asked what he knows about the sea. To this, the boy replied – “Dead? I didn’t even know it was sick!” Regardless the associated fun and humor, Dead Sea continues to be a subject of interest for millions of people all around the world. So, let us today learn 25 interesting Dead Sea facts.
Interesting Dead Sea Facts 1-5
1. It is called Dead Sea but the truth is that it is not a sea. It is actually a salt water lake.
2. It is world’s deepest salt water lake to exist on this planet. It is 1,004 feet or 306 meters deep.
3. If we are to measure the depth of Dead Sea with respect to sea level of this planet, it becomes even deeper. Its shores and the water surface are located 1,401 feet or 427 meters below sea level, making it a water body on Earth’s lowest elevation of land.
4. This hypersaline lake is one of the most salty lakes in this world. The salt concentration of Dead Sea is 33.7%. But this does not make it the saltiest water body because Caspian Sea’s Lagoon Garabogazköl has 35% salinity, Lake Assal in central-western Djibouti has 34.8% salinity, Antarctica’s Lake Vanda has 35% salinity and Don Juan Pond located in Antarctica’s McMurdo Dry Valleys has 44% salinity!
5. Because Dead Sea is actually a lake, it has to have a measurable length and breadth. At its widest point, the lake is 9 miles or 15 kilometers wide and the total length of the lake is 50 kilometers.
Interesting Dead Sea Facts 6-10
6. The salinity of Dead Sea is way more than that of normal sea. According to scientists, this water body is 9.6 times saltier than oceans and contains very high concentration of sodium chloride along with other minerals.
7. Because of its extreme salinity, no life form can thrive in this water. That’s the reason why this salty lake is known as Dead Sea. However, this is not entirely true. During rainy seasons, salinity decreases to certain extent, making the water habitable for some bacteria. That’s all! No other life form can be found.
8. Yes, Dead Sea cannot support life but it is useful in several healthcare and treatment types. The pollen content of this lake is extremely low. It is also free of other allergens. On top of it, it is the home of different types of minerals. Also, solar UV radiation is greatly reduced near Dead Sea. Additionally, atmospheric pressure near this lake is high because of its low elevation. These factors together make it beneficial for human health.
9. Dead Sea has a very unusual phenomenon. It spits out asphalt almost constantly. Asphalt used in ancient Egypt for mummification was imported from Dead Sea. Because of this unusual asphalt spitting phenomenon, the Greeks named the Dead Sea as Lake Asphaltites.
10. Water never flows out of Dead Sea because it is surrounded by land on three sides. The only open side is actually the route through which water enters Dead Sea from rivers and streams.