Drop this thing in water and Ka-boom! Combine it with chlorine and you will get table salt – something that you cannot live without! Ladies and gentlemen, we are talking of Sodium – an element in the periodic table and of course, one of the most abundant elements on earth. In this article, we are going to learn 25 boring sodium facts. Boring because, they are really boring. You will really need them if you are preparing for your school exams, else they are just facts that you will not really need in daily life.
So, we humbly request you to give us the opportunity to bore you today and walk out without being beaten up! But before we start, let us take a quick look at the basic facts and figures of the element – you know – all those nasty numbers…
|Name of element||Sodium|
|Configuration of Electrons||1s22s22p63s1|
|Melting Point||370.944 K or 208.029 °F or 97.794 °C|
|Boiling Point||1156.090 K or 1621.292 °F or 882.940 °C|
|State in Room Temperature (20°C)||Solid|
|Vaporization Heat||97.42 kj/mol|
|Critical Point||2573 K at 35 MPa|
|Element Family||Alkali Metal|
Boring Sodium Facts: 1-5
1. It was Sir Humphry Davy who successfully discovered Sodium in year 1807. What he did was that he isolated Sodium from Sodium Hydroxide.
2. As of today, there are 21 isotopes of Sodium. Of these 21, only three are natural while the remaining have been created in laboratory. The artificially created 17 isotopes are radioactive by nature.
3. The natural isotopes of Sodium are 22Na, 23Na and 24 These three isotopes are stable. Let us take a quick look at the features of these three isotopes in small tables.
|Decays Into||22Ne by using β+ decay|
|Half Life||2.6 years|
|Decays Into||24Mg by β- decay|
|Half Life||14.96 hours|
4. Did you know that there was a time when Sodium was actually used as a medicine for curing a really irritating problem – headache?
5. When it comes to abundance, Sodium is the sixth (6th) most abundant element that you can find on planet Earth.
Boring Sodium Facts: 6-10
6. Okay, though Sodium is Earth’s 6th most abundant element, it actually makes up less than 3% of the crust of our Earth.
7. Since the density of Sodium is less than the density of water, it can actually float on water.
8. Sodium is a shiny, soft and malleable solid at normal temperature or room temperature. Malleable simply means that you hammer the element, it will not break but will rather change shape.
9. Just how soft is Sodium? It is soft enough to be cut into pieces using a simple butter knife and you can actually cut through it at room temperature.
10. Talking of abundance again, in human body, it is the 9th most abundant element. Actually 0.15% of human body is made up of this element.