Did you know that drinking water in which lithium is naturally present actually decreases suicidal tendencies? That’s surprising! But hey, hold your horses! Prolonged usage of such water is not good either. So, better take a different route! Now, though we started off on a grim note, we will make up for it with some surprising lithium facts that you will love to read. So, let’s not waste time and get started…
Surprising Lithium Facts: 1-5
1. No attempts were made to separate this element from others and study it after it was first identified in 2nd century CE. Long after, Jozé Bonifácio de Andralda e Silva, a Brazilian, in 1790’s, discovered Lithium in a mineral petalite LiAlSi4O10 on a Sweden’s island. He saw that when this ore burned, it gave a crimson red flame.
2. Johan August Arfvedson of Stockholm observed and called this meta – unknown to man – as Lithium in 1817. He understood that it is a lighter version of Sodium but failed to separate it by using electrolysis. He could only isolate one of the salts of Lithium.
3. In 1821, Willliam Brande got some Lithium by the process of electrolysis but it was so less in quantity that he couldn’t experiment.
4. It was in 1855 that Augustus Matthiessen of Britain and Robert Bunsen of Germany came together and isolated Lithium for the first time by electrolysing Lithium Chloride.
5. Lithium was converted into helium by a process called as Transmutation in 1932. This was first nuclear reaction made by man.
Surprising Lithium Facts: 6-10
6. It is used in different alloys which are light but strong and used in aerospace field, and when you add it (Lithium Carbonate) to molten glass, it makes the glass lighter and stronger! Pyrex cookware and our television tubes use Lithium Carbonate.
7. Did you know that lithium is present in every organism’s body? Yes, it is present but till now scientists didn’t know the purpose it serves in body.
8. Our cell phones live on this element. Yes, the batteries of our beloved phones are made of Lithium ions.
9. It helps in killing algae and absorbs carbon dioxide in space vehicles. Just add little Lithium in concrete and you see it hardening faster than the normal concrete would take.
10. Lithium Stearate, if mixed with oil, it becomes a powerful lubricant where the oil can be used for any purpose and at high temperatures as well. It doesn’t get hard when cooled and it doesn’t react with Oxygen in air or water.