The ‘Amazon River’ – this name has long been associated with many sci-fi movies, horror stories and nightmares. Its sheer length and its rich biodiversity have much to contribute to those stories and legends. Whether these stories have any real base or not are difficult to find but we can surely give you a list of 20 interesting Amazon River facts.
New facts added on Page 3. More to be added soon…
Before we start, let us understand Amazon at a glance…
|Passes through countries||Brazil, Peru and Colombia|
– Rio Negro/Guainía
|Cities covered in Brazil|
|Cities covered in Peru||– Iquitos|
|Cities covered in Colombia||– Leticia|
|Source of Amazon River||Rio Mantaro|
|Length of Amazon||3,977 miles or 6,400 kilometers|
|Discharge of Amazon|
– Minimum: 180,000 cu m/s or 6,357,000 cu ft/s
– Average: 209,000 cu m/s or 7,381,000 cu ft/s
– Maximum: 340,000 cu m/s or 12,007,000 cu ft/s
Interesting Amazon River Facts: 1-10
1. Amazon is the second largest river in this world in terms of length. The first position is taken by Nile.
2. In terms of amount of water discharged, Amazon is largest river in this world. It discharges 7,831,000 cubic feet or 209,000 cubic meters every second.
3. The total discharge by Amazon River alone is greater than the total discharge of 7 next largest rivers of world taken together!
4. Of the total river flow of the world, approximately 1/5th is accounted for by the Amazon basin spanning over 7,050,000 square kilometers or 2,720,000 square miles, making Amazon the largest drainage basin in the entire world.
5. During dry seasons, the width of Amazon ranges between 1.6 and 10 kilometers but during the wet seasons, the river’s width increases to 48 kilometers.
6. The Amazon River enters the Atlantic Ocean through a broad estuary that has a width of 150 miles or 240 kilometers with the main stem mouth spanning over 80 kilometers width. Because of its immense width, the estuary is often referred to as ‘The River Sea’.
7. The Amazon River is known by several names in different countries. In Brazil, above its confluence with Rio Negro, the river is known by the name Solimões.
8. In Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as well as other Spanish-speaking countries, the river is known as Amazon downstream from Ucayali and Marañón rivers confluence in Peru.
9. Amazon’s primary source is Ucayali-Apurímac river system with the main headstream being Carhuasanta glacial stream that flows off Nevado Mismi Mountain.
10. 20% of Earth’s fresh water that enters the oceans comes from Amazon. The fresh water that enters Atlantic from the Amazon River flows on top of the sea water because fresh water is lighter. This fresh water dilutes the salinity of the sea water and changes the color of ocean surface. This color change spans over 1,000,000 square miles.