In our last article on Homi Bhabha facts we discussed about his education and his research. However, we did not speak about his contribution to India’s nuclear program that earned him the title of ‘Father of Indian Nuclear Programme’. We are going to learn about that. So, without further ado, let us start…
|Name||Homi Jehangir Bhabha|
|Birth Date||October 30, 1909|
|Death Date||January 24, 1966|
Fascinating Homi Bhabha Facts: 1-5
1. In 1939 when World War II broke out, Bhabha was in India for a short period of time. He was actually on a yearly vacation. However, the outbreak of the war prevented him from leaving India.
2. While he was strangled in India because of the war, he was approached by C.V. Raman – a Nobel Laureate – to become a reader in physics at the famous Indian Institute of Science located in Bengaluru.
3. Bhabha accepted the offer from C.V. Raman. While he was in India and working as a reader in Physics, he came in contact with Congress Party and it is at that point, he managed to convince the leaders of the party that India needs a nuclear program.
4. Nehru was one of those several Congress Leaders who were convinced with what Bhabha had to say.
5. However, it wasn’t until 1944 that Bhabha could start a separate unit in Indian Institute of Science. The unit was none other than Cosmic Ray Research Institute.
Fascinating Homi Bhabha Facts: 6-10
6. In 1944 itself, Bhabha wrote to Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and convinced the trustees that special facilities for working with cosmic rays, nuclear physics, high energy physics and other areas of physics were needed.
7. Convinced with Bhabha’s logic, Sir Dorabji Tata Trust gave the financial help to Bhabha that was required for establishing Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. The research facility was established in 1945 in Bombay.
8. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was also co-sponsored by Government of Bombay. The institute was initially established at Royal Yacht Club’s old buildings.
9. Soon after that it was realized by Bhabha that a new facility was required with completely new laboratory for conducting research on atomic energy because Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was not big enough and not well-equipped for the nature of the research.
10. Understanding this, the Bombay Government created a new facility in Trombay, which was named as Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay or AEET. This new facility started operating in 1954.