Cell facts – well, we are nowhere even close to the end. There is a lot (literally, a LOT) to write. So, here is our third installment of facts about cells. As mentioned before, we will keep this list as a mix of facts about plant cells and animal cells. In case you are looking for a complete set of differences between plant cells and animal cells, we will create a table but not now. Once we are done writing about these facts (actually a few more articles), we will create the table. Later, we intend to pick up each and every part of a cell and write descriptive facts about them. Sounds good? So, for now let us stick with what we have been doing…
Awesome Cell Facts: 1-5
1. Both plant cells and animal cells have something known as Golgi Body or Golgi Apparatus. This too is an organelle.
2. The Golgi Apparatus works similar to that of a company’s receiving and shipping department. The job of the Golgi Body is to first sort and then modify and finally package all the large molecules that either the cell secrets or uses internally for a wide range of functions.
3. Golgi Apparatus is not present in Prokaryotic cells because it is an organelle (membrane-bound structure).
4. Ever seen pancakes? Stack them up and what you see is the shape of the Golgi Apparatus. Basically, the Golgi Body is nothing but piled up flattened sacs, each of which are bounded by membrane.
5. Along with that unusual looking flattened sac pile that is known as the Golgi Body, what you will also notice is a bunch of small particle-like structures surrounding the apparatus. These are called Vesicles, which are also membrane-bound.
Awesome Cell Facts: 6-10
6. What do Vesicles do? They basically contain molecules (various types of molecules). These Vesicles are spherical in shape. They have various functions but one of the commonest function you will find is that they transport molecules either from Endoplasmic Reticulum to Golgi Body or from Golgi Body to other destinations.
7. The cells (of course the Eukaryotic ones) contain what is called Mitochondria. Resembling a sausage in terms of shape, the Mitochondria is known as the powerhouse of the cell. Though Mitochondria is actually present in every type of Eukaryotic cell, there are some exceptions. For instance, mature red blood cells of mammalians do not have Mitochondria.
8. Wondering why Mitochondria is called the powerhouse of the cells? That’s because they perform cellular respiration, that is, they are responsible for producing energy from food particles.
9. Cells have something called Nucleus. Only Eukaryotic cells have Nucleus. It is actually a cell’s command center. Put a cell under a microscope and you will find a dark region. That is the Nucleus.
10. If you see properly through a microscope, you will notice a darker spot on the already dark nucleus. That darker spot is the Nucleolus. It is this Nucleolus which is responsible for manufacturing the Ribosomes.